3.2 Evaluation approach
According to Görgens-Albino and Kusek (2009), there are several evaluation approaches which include formative, process, outcome, economic and impact evaluation. This evaluation adopted a process evaluation approach, which is appropriate for evaluating the ongoing programmes. This evaluation is intended to evaluate the quality of data collection process in IHDSS. According to Patton (2002), process evaluation is an appropriate evaluation approach to describe continuing programme operations and identify problems and areas that need improvement.
3.3 Evaluation design
Evaluation design is a blueprint for action or a map that shows the direction on how the evaluator can be able to plan strategically to accomplish research objectives and gather quality data for the respective study (Brink & Wood, 1998). According to De Vaus (2001), there are four types of study design namely: experimental design, longitudinal or survey design, case study design and cross sectional design.
For the purpose of this evaluation, the case study design was employed. A case study design refers to an assessment of a certain phenomenon or event in its real context using several sources of evidence (Yin, 2003). A quest to adopt a case study design was due to study evaluation questions and its objectives, since the aim of this evaluation was to assess the collection...
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...ion and or management of malaria deaths data.
3. 7 Unit of analysis
Study unit defines who and what the study will investigate (Creswell, 2007). According to Yin (2003) units of the study could be people, things, or processes investigated. The study unit for this evaluation were individuals involved in data collection process and heads or programme heads responsible for coordinating, supervising and even supporting the data collection, processing, storage and use.
3.8 Variables and their measurements
As described in the conceptual framework, this evaluation composed of four variables: (1) human resource skills, (2) essential tools, and (3) procedures used for quality collection of malaria deaths data. The indicators for each variable are as follows while their measurement was described in chapter two Sections 2.5.2 of the operationalisation of conceptual framework.
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