For many years assessment of student progress typically resulted in summative assessment, that is the result of what the student learned and how well they learned- summation of their learning. More people are embracing a different approach to assessing students and thereby how we teach students. Formative assessment is “the informal and formal processes teachers and students use to gather evidence for the purpose of improving learning.” (Chappui, Stiggins, Chappuis, & Arter, 2012, p. 6).
To begin, I will define the basic terms of summative and formative assessment.
Volumes can be written about assessment and types of assessment this paper will focus primarily on formative assessment, so to begin let me define the terms with which I will be working when it comes to two types of primary assessment.
• Summative assessment, according to Chapuis, is “Assessment information used to provide evidence of student achievement for the purpose of making a judgment about student competence or program effectiveness” (Chappui, Stiggins, Chappuis, & Arter, 2012, p. 6).
• Formative assessment is:”formal and informal processes teachers and students use to gather evidence for the purpose of improving learning (Chappui, Stiggins, Chappuis, & Arter, 2012, p. 6).”
Summative assessment is primarily what people think about when asked about assessment; it is the final grade, the proof of what they learned (or didn’t) and is typically reflected in g...
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Jan Chappuis, R. S. (2012). Classroom Assessment for Student Learning . New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.
Ketabi, S., & Saeed, K. (2014). Classroom Formative Assessment in Second and Foreign Language Teaching and Learning. Theory and Practice in Language Studies.
Liu, Y. (2013). Preliminary Study on Application of Formative Assessment in Collge English Writing Class. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol 3, No 12, 2186-2195.
Williams, J. (2000). Creativity in Assessment of Library Instruction. Services Review 28.4, 323-334.
Yu, H., & Li, H. (April 2014). Group-based Formative Assessment: A Successful Way to Make Summative Assessment Effective. Theory and Practice in Language Studies 4.4 , 839-844.
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