Euthanasia Should Not Be Legalized Essay

Euthanasia Should Not Be Legalized Essay

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Euthanasia, also called mercy killing, is the practice of doctors intentionally ending a terminally ill patient’s life in what is said to be a gentle and dignified manner. The term is derived from ancient Greek and means “easy death”. Euthanasia can be performed by administering lethal drugs or by withholding treatment that would prolong or save the patient’s life. Physician assisted suicide is also a form of euthanasia but the difference between the two methods is that in euthanasia, doctors end the patient’s life with lethal injections, whereas, in physician assisted suicide, patients kill themselves with a lethal amount of drugs prescribed by the doctors. Both have been in practice since 16th century AD, long before the debate on it’s ethicality emerged. Many argue that patients have the right to choose to end their lives if they are diagnosed with a terminal illness that causes pain, suffering, or a vegetative state. Although supporters assert that euthanasia promotes patients’ choice, it should not be legalized because there is a high possibility of this this practice being abused by patients, family members or the entire medical conglomerate.
First, in order for one to make a sound decision about ending their lives, the patient’s mental, physical and emotional health must be stable. When there is an imbalance in any of these, the probability of a sound decision is uncertain. Patients who receive devastating news about their health are automatically in a vulnerable state of mind. Likewise, when things like funding are not readily available to the patients, impaired decision making increases. Being in pain also obscures a patient 's judgment. There are many cases in which people make on the spot decisions just to get through t...


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... people respond positively or negatively to drugs and treatments, which is why treatment plans are created specifically for each individual. By introducing the option of ending life, other available options and treatments are never even given a chance. This raises the question of why euthanasia and assisted suicides are even an option. According to Oljana Hoxhaj, the answer may be cost control. She claims that “[h]ealth insurance companies would benefit greatly from euthanasia if it would spread widely. Tools used for death by euthanasia cost about $ 40, while to cure a disease it can be used even $ 40,000” (Hoxhaj 282). The forefront of legalizing euthanasia portrays it as advocacy of a patient’s right to choose, however there is an underlying danger that euthanasia could be used to control healthcare costs, with the patient 's needs and wishes taking second place.

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