Euthanasia Should Be Legal And Ethical Essay

Euthanasia Should Be Legal And Ethical Essay

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Since the 1970’s, one of the biggest controversy seen is whether euthanasia should be made legal and ethical. Euthanasia also known as mercy killing or assisted suicide is defined as the act of letting someone die painlessly or allowing them to die with dignity. It is not unheard of that good intentions have a way of turning bad. Unfortunately the same concept scares supporters and opposers of Euthanasia. If Euthanasia was legal, it would not only give us the right to die but also the right to kill. Doctors would have an overwhelming amount of power because they would be able to choose when a human life has had enough. There are certainly attractions to the idea of assisted suicide being legal everywhere but in the end I think it would do more harm than good.
In order to provide a framework for my thesis statement, it is first necessary for me to define what how euthanasia works and the different types of euthanasia. There are different types of methods used for Mercy killing, some of which are the use of drugs, injections, starvation and dehydration, gases, plastic bags and peaceful pills. Usually with drugs, doctor can write a prescription for lethal drugs that are intended to kill the patient. It is usually covered by a the state’s medical program under comfort care. Research in the Netherlands, has shown that the drugs can have a negative side effect, the side effects include patients getting up and vomiting or gasping for air. If injections are used, it renders the patient comatose and is followed by a second injection to stop the heart. First a coma is induced by intravenous administration of barbiturates, followed by a muscle relaxant. The patient usually dies as the result of anoxemia caused by the muscle relaxant and if...


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...ight actively perform euthanasia by administering a lethal dose of drugs to the patient, through pills or an injection. By contrast, passive euthanasia is when the third party allows the patient to die by not intervening. Frequently this is done by taking a patient off life support, or deciding to not put a patient on life support to begin with. Other times physicians can allow a patient to die by not treating a secondary illness that the patient has. Another distinction is between voluntary and nonvoluntary euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia is when a competent adult requests or gives informed consent to a particular death-causing action. Often, people do not have the strength to make these decisions, such as when they are unconscious or demented. In these cases an act of euthanasia would be nonvoluntary when the decision is made by a third party, and not the patient.

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