Euthanasia And The American Medical Association Essay

Euthanasia And The American Medical Association Essay

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Euthanasia, also known as assisted suicide, is considered taking steps to hasten death to a patient. There are different types of euthanasia: active, passive, voluntary, and involuntary. The Gale Encyclopedia of Senior Health provided a definition of euthanasia from the American Medical Association. “The American Medical Association (AMA) defines euthanasia in its Code of Ethics as “the administration of a lethal agent by another person to a patient for the purpose of relieving the patient’s intolerable and incurable suffering.” The English word euthanasia comes from the Greek and means “a good death” or “dying well”” (Frey, 2009). The AMA’s definition is very specific, but stresses that the reason is to relieve suffering and the actual word “euthanasia” comes from Greek meaning a good death or dying well. The Gale Encyclopedia of Senior Health also provided more detail about specific types of euthanasia. “As of 2008, euthanasia was usually described as either active or passive and as either voluntary or involuntary. Active euthanasia is what is described in the AMA definition, namely, taking deliberate steps to end someone’s life. Passive euthanasia is defined as withdrawing or withholding medical treatment in order to let a terminal illness take its course and end the patient’s life. Some people world understand a “do not resuscitate” order or the withdrawal of life support as forms of passive euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia refers to the patient’s personal decision that action be taken to end his or her life or that life-sustaining treatments be stopped. In involuntary euthanasia, the patient’s life is ended, whether passively or actively, without his or her knowledge or consent” (Frey, 2009). The different types of euthanasia...

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...elieve suffering. A form of passive euthanasia is to refuse medical care that prolongs life. Math makes a statement about this form of passive euthanasia. “Right to refuse medical treatment is well recognized in law, including medical treatment that sustains or prolongs life” (Math, 2012). Refusing medical treatment will hasten death and hasten the amount of suffering by the patient. Euthanasia should be legal because it relieves suffering and pain.
In conclusion, voluntary euthanasia should be legalized. It should be legal because it promotes organ donation, relieves pain and suffering of the patient, and it allows the patient to have control over their own life. The quality of life of the ill patient should be taken into consideration when euthanasia is brought up. Voluntary euthanasia helps the patient to relieve the suffering and pain before death.

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