Euthanasi Voluntary, Nonvoluntary, Active And Passive Essay examples

Euthanasi Voluntary, Nonvoluntary, Active And Passive Essay examples

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“An individual’s interest in self-determination and bodily integrity includes the right to refuse life-saving treatment even when this hastens the dying process” (Connelly, 1998 p.197). For this reason, euthanasia or “good death” refers to the taking of a human life is merciful and that all human beings are entitled to end their lives when they seem fit (Ho & Chantagul 2015 p. 252). Euthanasia is beneficial for a patient who has suffered long enough by choosing the right to a good death, when they die, and the right to end their suffering.
A person can exercise their first amendment constitutional rights by choosing their right to die. According to the first amendment, one has the right to freedom of speech. With this in mind, there are four different types of euthanasia: voluntary, nonvoluntary, active and passive. As mentioned by Fieser (2015, p 3), voluntary euthanasia is when a competent adult requests or gives informed consent to a particular death causing action, whereas with nonvoluntary euthanasia the decision is made by a third party, and not the person himself who is to die. Patil (2016, p 142) describes active euthanasia as the use of a lethal injection or chemical to kill and is used to terminate life and end sufferings and meaningless existence. Patil (2015, p142) goes on to state that passive euthanasia is the discontinuation of extraordinary measures and is allowed to die a natural death. Additionally, the Oregon Health Authority, (n.d.) states that on October 27, 1997 Oregon enacted the Death with Dignity Act which allows terminally-ill Oregonians to end their lives through the voluntary self-administration of lethal medications, expressly prescribed by a physician for that purpose. Given the fact that individual...


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...duals indicate their wish to end their suffering is indignity and the incapability to take care of basic needs such as going to the bathroom, and their reliance on others thus making living intolerable. James Fieser (2015, p 6) indicates the plea of death will suppress the normal feelings of living thus resulting in a life of desolation. In light of euthanasia, “There is no worse death than a hospital death as patients want to spend their last moments at home” (Frances, 2015, p 1). To sum up, the patient has the right to end their pain and misery through euthanasia.

Ultimately, an individual has the right to choose a suitable death, when they will leave the earth, and to end their deterioration of life. In conclusion, it is the patient who gets to decide how their last moments will be. Euthanasia is an alternate tool to aid in one’s transition from life to death.

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