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Euthanasia is defined as the act or practice of killing or allowing someone to die in order to prevent further suffering. Some view this act as granting mercy by taking away the pain and allowing a person to die, others believe that this is murder. This practice is considered illegal in forty-six states, which leaves only four states that have passed laws allowing euthanasia to occur under the right circumstances. Active euthanasia is considered a very controversial topic because terminally ill patients believe they should have the right to decide when to end their lives but ethicists and lawmakers say otherwise. In the eyes of Ethics, voluntary euthanasia is still considered murder. Many ethicists believe that taking the life of another person, no matter the circumstances, is morally wrong. In this paper, I would like to illustrate that not only is voluntary, active euthanasia morally permissible under the right circumstances but it is also morally wrong to deny someone the right to a peaceful death.
According to Brock (2007), there are two values that support the ethical permissibility of euthanasia: the value of self-determination and well-being. Self-determination is essentially a person’s effort and interest to make decisions and live their lives according to their own beliefs and values. Patients who are calling for active euthanasia want exactly that, to end their lives on their terms. If self-determination extends to your entire life, why not your death? “For many patients near death, maintaining the quality of one’s life, avoiding great suffering, maintaining one’s own dignity, and insuring that others remember us as we wish t...
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...lls a person it is unnatural to live, so why then is death so unnatural? We have assistance entering this world, I do not understand why do not have any leaving it.
At the end of the day people have their reasons for believing why voluntary active euthanasia should not be allowed. It was my goal to demonstrate reasons that voluntary active euthanasia can be seen as morally permissible and should be allowed. The value of self-determination or controlling one’s own life, the value of well-being or the quality of life, and ending one’s suffering for themselves and the sake of their families are all reasons why voluntary active euthanasia should be legal. In this paper, I wanted to illustrate that not only is voluntary, active euthanasia morally permissible under the right circumstances but it is also morally wrong to deny someone the right to a peaceful death.
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- Euthanasia, otherwise known as mercy killing or good death, is used to help end the suffering of a patient in an irreversible state of health, like severe cases of Lou Gehrig’s disease or severe burn victims. Many believe that it is immoral to go against natural survival instincts, while others wish to legalize it to help end the pain of those suffering. The main argument over euthanasia is whether or not it should even be allowed to exist within the medical and legal worlds. Euthanasia has caused many controversies and lawsuits that will continue until euthanasia is fully denied or accepted by society.... [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Voluntary euthanasia]
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- As there are many forms of euthanasia, the different types shall be explained referring to Beresford (2005): “Actions that result in the withdrawal of life sustaining treatment are often referred to as passive euthanasia, while those that involve the positive act of causing death of another are referred to as active euthanasia. A further distinction can be made between voluntary euthanasia, where the consent of the patient is first obtained, and non-voluntary euthanasia, where consent is not obtained: for instance, when a patient is in a persistent vegetative state or other wise lacks the capacity to give informed consent.... [tags: Suffering, Death, Euthanasia, Medical ethics]
1211 words (3.5 pages)
- In this essay I will be analysing the morality of voluntary active euthanasia (VAE). I will focus on the argument that if such an act is considered morally acceptable, it can only lead down a slippery slope in which society becomes grossly unrecognizable in terms of the value of life. This essay will examine the strengths and weaknesses of this argument and the moral principles which underpin it to determine whether or not it remains a convincing argument to VAE. Firstly, I must ascertain what segregates VAE from other forms of euthanasia and introduce the argument to it.... [tags: assisted suicide of the terminally ill]
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- “Death with Dignity statutes allow mentally competent adult state residents who have a terminal illness with a confirmed prognosis of having 6 or fewer months to live to voluntarily request and receive a prescription medication to hasten their inevitable, imminent death. (www.deathwithdignity.org)”. For this reason, euthanasia or “good death” refers to the taking of a human life is merciful and that all human beings are entitled to end their lives when they seem fit (Ho & Chantagul 2015 p. 252).... [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Medical ethics, Human]
845 words (2.4 pages)
- “An individual’s interest in self-determination and bodily integrity includes the right to refuse life-saving treatment even when this hastens the dying process” (Connelly, 1998 p.197). For this reason, euthanasia or “good death” refers to the taking of a human life is merciful and that all human beings are entitled to end their lives when they seem fit (Ho & Chantagul 2015 p. 252). Euthanasia is beneficial for a patient who has suffered long enough by choosing the right to a good death, when they die, and the right to end their suffering.... [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Life, Medical ethics]
828 words (2.4 pages)
- Any discussion that pertains to the topic of euthanasia must first include a clear definition of the key terms and issues. With this in mind, it should be noted that euthanasia includes both what has been called physician-assisted "suicide" and voluntary active euthanasia. Physician-assisted suicide involves providing lethal medication(s) available to the patient to be used at a time of the patient’s own choosing (Boudreau, p.2, 2014). Indifferently, voluntary active euthanasia involves the physician taking an active role in carrying out the patient’s request, and usually involves intravenous delivery of a lethal substance.... [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Medical ethics, Homicide]
1581 words (4.5 pages)
- Euthanasia is the fact of ending somebody’s life when assisting him to die peacefully without pain. In most cases, it is a process that leads to end the suffering of human beings due to disease or illness. A person other than the patient is responsible for the act of euthanasia; for example a medical provider who gives the patient the shot that must kill him. When people sign a consent form to have euthanasia, it is considered voluntary, involuntary euthanasia is when they refuse. When people are not alert and oriented they are not allowed to sign any consent including the consent to euthanasia.... [tags: Suicide, Death, Ethics, Euthanasia]
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- According to James Rachels, “both passive and active euthanasia are permissible.” (Luper and Brown, p.347). He gives a doctrine from American Medical Association quoting,” mercy killing is contrary to which the medical professional stands” (Luper and Brown, p. 347). He makes arguments against the doctrine as to why it would be rejected. One, a physician should let the patient end his life if he wants to so that the patient does not have to endure the suffering. However, Rachels says in that situation it’s better for the physician to kill the patient, rather than letting one die because using lethal injections can be painless and quick, whereas, letting one die can be a slow and painful proc... [tags: Death, Euthanasia, Morality, KILL]
1283 words (3.7 pages)
- The Right to Die There is only one thing that no human being has ever been able to escape from, Death. The definition of this term has become a crucial element in familial, ethical, religious, and even medical decisions. According to the Merriam Webster Dictionary, a human life ends with the permanent cessation of vital bodily functions. However, in some cases when a person knows death is inevitable, he or she decides to accelerate the process. The medical field refers to euthanasia as the action that a physician does by ending a life at the request of the patient.... [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Suicide, Patient]
1116 words (3.2 pages)
- Euthanasia, the right to die, death with dignity – no matter what you call it – should be readily available to all humans who wish to die. Euthanasia, as defined by MediLexicon’s medical dictionary, is “a quiet, painless death” or “the intentional putting to death of a person with an incurable or painful disease intended as an act of mercy” (----). There is one absolute certain in life – death. It is one matter that we have no choice in, we will all die. But shouldn’t we have some say in how, when, and where we will die.... [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Medical law, Pain]
1043 words (3 pages)