Euthanasi Euthanasia And Euthanasia Essay

Euthanasi Euthanasia And Euthanasia Essay

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Utilitarianism and Euthanasia
Legalizing euthanasia is one of the hot topics that are debated over and over. Euthanasia is a word derived from Greek language which means “easy death” and is defines as the practice that allow one to intentionally ends ones life and relieve from extreme pain and suffering because of terminal illnesses. Imagining ones body slowly and painfully breaking down by the hidden and uncontrollable disease. Euthanasia is the only solution to end the misery but government law prevents person to make that choice and instead place them to die slowly day by day with unbearable pain. Euthanasia can be categorized in four type Voluntary, Involuntary, active and passive. Different moral arguments are made for each category of euthanasia but active euthanasia is debated over passive euthanasia for so many years now.
For this paper I am choosing active Euthanasia and analyzing it as a Utilitarian view point. According to Utilitarian view legalizing active euthanasia can minimize the misery of a person who is suffering with the untreatable, terminal illness which slowly kills the person. There are many proponents who believe active euthanasia would be legalize as it is stated by the James Rachael who feels that there is no moral difference between active and passive euthanasia states that “If a doctor lets a patient die, for humane reasons, he is in the same moral position as if he had given the patient a lethal injection for humane reason”(Rachels 865:2).
John Stuart Mill 's ethical principle known as Utilitarianism mainly talks about pleasure and avoidance of pain. It is also known as “Greatest Happiness Principle which holds that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they ten...


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...ited by any newer treatments. Moreover, patients who have .01 percent of chance to benefit by the modern treatments, then patient should be restricted to under go euthanasia.
In the conclusion, as euthanasia has six classifications, each type should be evaluated for moral worth. Some opponents might argue that good palliative care and pain relief measures are adequate and hence euthanasia is not required. However regardless of our maximum effort to provide best palliative care, euthanasia will always be picture. Moreover the price for not allowing active euthanasia will be paid by sufferer whose suffering and pain will increase (Gorman, 1999, p.860), thus active voluntary euthanasia should be legalized. However in order to ensure that people do not misuse it, law should be strictly implemented. In this way, the victim would feel independent and will die with dignity.

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