Essay on Euthanasi Assisted Suicide, And Between Active And Passive Euthanasia

Essay on Euthanasi Assisted Suicide, And Between Active And Passive Euthanasia

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Euthanasia, also known as “mercy killing,” is defined as an “intentional ending of the patient’s life by a physician, usually by lethal injection” (Religion Facts). A difference must be made between euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, and between active vs. passive euthanasia. In a sense, euthanasia may be compared with homicide, as death is a direct result of the action of physician, while in doctor-assisted suicide the physician is only giving the patient the means to end his/her own life (could be compared with suicide). Of course, these concepts have slightly different connotations, and it depends on the personal worldview of an individual how to interpret them. On the other hand, the distinguishing characteristics between active and passive euthanasia is of huge importance because the former is mostly unacceptable and the latter is a largely acceptable practice in terms of bioethical aspects of each. Active euthanasia implies committing an act to directly cause the death of another, and the passive one only involves the interruption of “medically futile” treatment or the withholding of it to a person who will not survive if disconnected from life supporting machines (feeding tubes and artificial ventilator in most cases).

The first explicit prohibition of suicide was formulated by St. Augustine in the 4th century in his work “The City of God,” in which he postulated that the fifth commandment “Thou shalt not kill” also applies to suicide. He drew attention to the fact that it is not specified whom to kill, as it is done regarding the commandment not to bear false witness against “your neighbor”. “Patricide is more wicked than homicide, but suicide is the most wicked of all” (as cited in Yorick 's Blog, 2014). He also...


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...ld they still opt for the termination of their life?” As a society, we should probably revise our priorities in terms of what constitutes real value of caring for the old, week and helpless members of our society. May be we should shift our thinking patterns about the ill person as a “human machine (that) has outlived its productive span” and the maintenance of which would be an “unacceptable burden on the productive stratum of society” which would, in turn, justify the tendency of being disposed of “rather abruptly than allowing it to deteriorate gradually” (IslamiCity) into something that animated Islamic ideology for centuries. It is them for whom the care of the most vulnerable members of society “is a value in itself for which people are willing to sacrifice time, effort and money” and who do not take this virtue “as a debit but as an investment” (IslamiCity).

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Essay on Euthanasi Assisted Suicide, And Between Active And Passive Euthanasia

- Euthanasia, also known as “mercy killing,” is defined as an “intentional ending of the patient’s life by a physician, usually by lethal injection” (Religion Facts). A difference must be made between euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide, and between active vs. passive euthanasia. In a sense, euthanasia may be compared with homicide, as death is a direct result of the action of physician, while in doctor-assisted suicide the physician is only giving the patient the means to end his/her own life (could be compared with suicide)....   [tags: Death, Euthanasia, Medical ethics, Medical law]

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