Europeans And Aborigines In The 1700's Essay

Europeans And Aborigines In The 1700's Essay

Length: 1203 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

European ships chiefly began sailing into southern Australian waters in the 18th century. These left human cargoes behind and, unlike earlier visitors, had an immediate impact on the Aborigines, who suffered interference with their economy and lifestyle as the colonists sought and secured for themselves good sources of water, sheltered positions, and access to fish—all of which were also vital to Aboriginal people.
The perception that Australia was quietly “settled” without conflict with the Aboriginal people, an idea that, it has been argued, enabled the concept of “terra nullius” to be maintained, has been substantially revised in recent years. It is now generally acknowledged that resistance took place right from the first tentative encroachments by European nations into Australian waters. The Dutch sailed into the Gulf of Carpentaria in 1606 and one Dutch sailor was killed by the Tjungundji (whose hero was the warrior Sivirri). Another Dutch ship visited the area in 1623, but in attempting to kidnap people was met by 200 warriors who drove the sailors away. James Cook, in spite of the popular misconception, also met with some resistance in Botany Bay. Two Tharawal men, after sending away the women and children, stood firm against Cook’s landing. According to Cook’s account of the incident: “We then threw them some nails, beads etc. ashore which they took up and seem’d not ill pleased in so much that I thought that they beckoned to us to come ashore, but in this we were much mistaken, for as soon as we put the boat in they again came to oppose us upon which I fired a musket between the two which had no other effect than to make them retire back where bundles of their darts lay, and one of them took up a stone and threw at us w...

... middle of paper ...

..., and movement controls and restriction of ceremonies meant that Aboriginal people were much more isolated from each other than they had been before. This, together with the influences and impact of European culture, resulted in the development of new artistic styles. In some areas gospel music with a uniquely Aboriginal (or Torres Strait Islander) flavour was written and performed, in others country-and-western music or blues styles developed. More recently have come rock music and modern dance groups such as Bangarra. From the 1950s, new materials and styles came to be used in the visual arts, including watercolours, acrylic paints, pottery, photography, landscape, abstract art, and sculpture. These also reflected the radical changes in lifestyle and economy resulting from permanent European settlement, although the effect varied considerably across the continent.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Effects of Western Colonisation on Aborigines

- For over 200 years Aborigines have endured a long history of suffering due to the adverse effects of western colonisation; in its attempt for cultural assimilation and to which has caused catastrophic consequences within individuals and the community as a whole. The extent and persistence of suppression inflicted upon the indigenous communities have severely disrupted the culture, which has not only made it susceptible to trauma, but can also trigger other catastrophic symptoms, which then lead to the transmission and intergenerational transmission of such behaviours or maladaptive coping strategies amongst its members....   [tags: Aborigines vs Western Culture]

Good Essays
1675 words (4.8 pages)

Australia: 1700 to Present Essay

- Australia: 1700 to Present Analyze the political, social, and economic continuities and changes in Australia from 1700 AD to the present. While Australia has politically gained independence since the 1700’s, their ethnicities have shifted to create a socially diverse country as they remain closely tied with the rest of the world in regards to global trade. Since Britain used to rule Australia in the 1700’s, Australia since has had revolutions that granted them political independence from a larger ruling body....   [tags: political, social, economic continuities]

Good Essays
1567 words (4.5 pages)

The Death and Dying Beliefs of Australian Aborigines Essay

- The Death and Dying Beliefs of Australian Aborigines      Although the Aborigines are often classified as a primitive race whose religion is based upon animism and totemism like the American Indians, the Aboriginal funeral practices and beliefs about death have much in common with other cultures. This paper will discuss the death and dying beliefs of the Aborigines that share a common thread with many popular religions of today. Aboriginal beliefs in death and dying are original in that they combine all these beliefs in a different way....   [tags: Aborigines American Indians Religion Essays]

Free Essays
3535 words (10.1 pages)

Henry James' The Europeans Essays

- In his novel The Europeans, Henry James tells the story of an American family that is visited by their European cousins. James uses these circumstances to depict the differences between Europeans and Americans. The Americans tend to be frightened of the Europeans, since they seem quite foreign within the puritanical American community. On the other hand, the Europeans are surprised by the Americans' provincial ways. Reaction to the unfamiliar is a central element of the novel. Each character's reaction to the unfamiliar reveals his or her personality and also determines whom that character is capable of tolerating and of loving....   [tags: Henry James Europeans Culture Essays]

Good Essays
1495 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about Aborigines in Australia

- Aborigines in Australia Aborigines are believed to have lived in Australia for between 60,000 and 40,000 years, their early ancestors coming from South-East Asia. Precise population details for the period before European colonization are unavailable, but it is estimated that there were between 300,000 and 1,000,000 Aborigines in Australia when European settlers first arrived in 1788. The relationship between the aboriginals and the settlers were an issue that would haunt history for more then two centuries....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
878 words (2.5 pages)

Essay Australian Aborigines

- Australian Aborigines For Aborigines, Australia was a marginally better place in which to live in 1945 then in 1900. At the turn of the century, the Australian state governments neither had a uniform nor clear Aboriginal policy. Treatment of Aborigines was consequently decided by society’s individual attitudes, not law. While many people (white) were aggressive towards Aborigines till well past 1945, a general more sympathetic attitude towards them started to slightly ease the strong oppression they were shackled by....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
2538 words (7.3 pages)

Essay about Australian Aborigines

- Australian Aborigines Until this paper, I never even knew there was such a word as “Aborigine” let alone it being a race of people dating back to the prehistoric times. I thought that all Australians were of Anglo decent, but I was wrong about that assumption. The Aborigines were the first and only inhabitants of Australia, until the late 18th century when European settlers came. Because of the Europeans, the Aborigines lives would change drastically. In this paper, I am going to talk about the Aborigines, describing their origins up to the present....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
2231 words (6.4 pages)

Essay on Australian Aborigines

- Australian Aborigines Australian Aborigines are thought to have the longest continuous cultural history in the world. Yet, within a hundred years, the near extinction of the Aboriginal culture almost occurred. This single event, the invasion of the Australian continent by European settlers, changed the lifestyle, the culture, and the fate of Australian Aborigines. Their entire lives were essentially taken away and they were forced into a white, European world where the lifestyle change could not have been any different....   [tags: Australian Australia History Culture Essays]

Good Essays
2572 words (7.3 pages)

Essay on Aborigenes

- Aborigines [aborijineez] Aborigines where the first people to live in Australia. The word Aborigine comes from the Latin phrase ab origine, meaning from the beginning. Aborigines have lived in Australia for at least 50,000 years, and evidence for that people have been living there for about 130,000 years ago have been found at lake George near Canberra. Most scientists believe that the aborigines come from southeastern Asia from the beginning. In Australia there were nearly 600 territorially defined groups which where living on hunting and gathering food....   [tags: Australia]

Free Essays
1021 words (2.9 pages)

Aborigines Essay

- The Aborigines of Australia can be viewed in three different views. All cultures have the basic three different categories. These three categories form a pyramid. At the bottom of the pyramid is technology. Technology is anything the culture uses to aid themselves. In the middle of the pyramid is social system. The social system refers to the way they organize their society, and which roles everyone plays. At the top of the pyramid is world view. World view is they way the culture sees the world....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
430 words (1.2 pages)