The principle of Supremacy of EU Law was established by the European Court of Justice in a series of cases. This principle authorizes EU Law to take precedence over conflicting national laws. Preliminary ruling is the method used by national courts, which enables them to pause the trial and refer to the Court Of Justice in order to question on how to interpret the European law on a current case. This procedure indicates that EU Law is supreme.
There are several institutions that belong to the European Union. However, the following four institutions, the European Parliament, the Commission, the Council and the Court of Justice are considered as the main institutions involved in EU legislation.
Firstly, the European Parliament sits in Strasburg and was named by its members in 1962. Based on the Article 14(2) TEU the Parliament is formed by representatives which are elected by the EU citizens. The number of representatives will not exc...
... middle of paper ...
... Court of Justice to establish the principle of direct effect under which in order for the Treaties and Regulations to be directly effective they must satisfy certain criteria. They must be clear and precise, unconditional and not leave discretion to member states. Likewise, Directives can in principle have direct effect when they satisfy the criteria mentioned and if they are not implemented by a member state in the time given. To conclude, Directives have vertical effect, while Treaties and Regulations can have either vertical or direct effect.
Moving on, the principle of State liability arose in the case of Francovich. The principle allows an individual to invoke his rights before the court against a member state, in situations where they have suffered a detriment as a consequence of the failure of the member state to comply with the EU Law responsibilities.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The change in mindset occurred with the signing of the Single European Act in 1985. Whose main objective was to add new momentum to the process of the European construction so as to complete the internal market “(Bache, Bulmer, George, Parker 2014, 2). The SEA was centered around implementing more European integration in order to diminish the idea of intergovernmental bureaucracy in exchange for supranational bureaucracy. The European Council was instrumental in this process because it addressed the skepticism of the single currency by creating an intergovernmental conference to analyze the steps needed for a single market.... [tags: European Union, Treaty of Lisbon]
1516 words (4.3 pages)
- The term “Brexit” is the fusion of two words “British” and “exit”. In the recent June 2016 referendum held in UK, 51.9% people of the UK voted to leave the European Union (EU), resulting UK to withdraw from the EU and making it a complex separation phenomenon which has caused severe economic and political changes for the UK and other countries. The result which was announced on the morning of 24 June showed that 51.9% voted in favor of leaving the European Union whereas 48.1% voted in favor of remaining a member of the European Union as shown in the table: It is for sure that the UK and the other EU would be directly or indirectly affected by Brexit.... [tags: European Union, International trade]
994 words (2.8 pages)
- Briton exiting the European Union Its quarter to five in the mooring September the fifteenth and people are anxiously waiting for Nigel Farage. Around six a black jeep slowly polled in front of the BBC TV station on Westminster. The driver of the car walked out forms his seat and took few steps towards the left side of the passages door. As soon at the driver swung open the passage side, Nigel Farage a middle aged man with gray Hair and a bank clerk suit walked out from the car and proceeded to the BBC building reception area.... [tags: European Union, Europe, United Kingdom]
2295 words (6.6 pages)
- The European Union Abstract ======== This paper is about the EU, its major policies, the key objectives, legislations, instruments for implementing those policies, who the members are, and the institutions involved in the implementation of the trade goals. Key word: European Union; Mission of the EU. Introduction ============ The establishment of the EU intended to work toward common goals of European countries. This free trade zone or economic community was and is very successful which seeks special purposes such as political dialogue, free trade and freedom of movement, economic, financial, and cultural cooperation.... [tags: European Union Essays]
1309 words (3.7 pages)
- The European Union 1. INTRODUCTION 1 1.1. MISSIONS AND VISIONS FOR THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 1.2. THE GENERAL VIEW OF THE EUROPEAN UNION 1 1.3. THE LEVEL OF INVOLVEMENT FOR EUROPEAN UNION 2 2. THE EUROPEAN UNION 4 2.1. HISTORY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION 4 2.1.1. HOW THE EU WAS BUILT 4 2.1.2. MEMBER STATES OF EU 8 2.1.3. HISTORY OF THE EUROPEAN INTEGRATION 9 2.2. DEPARTMENTS AND POLICIES 11 2.2.1. THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION 11 2.2.2. THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS 11 2.2.3.... [tags: European Union Esays]
5913 words (16.9 pages)
- Introduction Problems Facing the European Union Sovereignty or Unity. Expansion The European Union. E.U. members listed in order of membership: Official languages of the E.U. The E.U. Government Structure History, How and Why. The Views Against the E.U. In Conclusion Introduction Europe made up more than 30 countries and even more distinct cultures; it is now trying to adjust to new economic systems throughout the world. Today with the trend toward big trading blocks like: N.A.F.T.A.... [tags: European Union Esays]
1723 words (4.9 pages)
- Europe was a powerfull continent, wich ended with the second world war. Then Europe was in ruins, but even so, it was the beginning of a new golden age. Jean Monnet an Robert Schuman were convinced that the war started because Europe was not united. Therefore they founded the Europian Union (EU). They wanted to build an union that would banish conflicts for good. In 1951 it started with agreements between six countries, moving on tho the creation of a common market in 1957. In 1957 the six members were Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, now the EU has 25 members.... [tags: European Union Esays]
1829 words (5.2 pages)
- The European Union Advantages of UK membership to the European Union cover many fields from the businesses in the UK to British consumers and students. Membership benefits UK businesses because it makes trade between member states quicker and cheaper. This is because the EU is a customs union/ single market. This means that a business in the UK can export its goods and services to other EU member states and those goods and services will not have a tax tariff imposed on them. For example, America, a non-EU member, imposes a tariff on cars being imported from the UK.... [tags: European Union Essays]
1337 words (3.8 pages)
- The European Union is a supranational government body that is, by definition, changing the traditional role of the nation state and sovereignty in Europe. This Union was formed voluntarily by states with similar goals and is unique in its conception and design to the European continent. Although The EU (European Union) is strengthening Europe economically and politically the states that form it have surrendered considerable amounts of their national sovereignty. The meaning of sovereignty has evolved over time; however, today there are several clear characteristics that define the concept of sovereignty in relation to the nation state.... [tags: European Union Esays]
938 words (2.7 pages)
- The European Union was created in 1958 providing interregional trade barriers, a common external tariff against other countries, a Common Agricultural Policy and guarantees of free movement of labor and capital. The EU is formerly called the European Community, and became known as the EU in January of 1994. The EU currently consist of 15 countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, UK) that all have adopted the same currency known as the Euro.... [tags: European Union Esays]
911 words (2.6 pages)