European Imperialism During The 19th Century Essay

European Imperialism During The 19th Century Essay

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European imperialism in Africa can be explained in a large part by the ability of Western ships, steam-propelled, to navigate up the previously impenetrable African rivers. This allowed contacts wit the interior that no people, including Africans themselves, had ever before achieved. Steam-driven iron boats were also basic to the European penetration of China. Western weaponry continued to increase. By the late 19th century, Western soldiers were armed with repeating rifles. Representing a huge advantage. Gains from the Industrial Revolution occurred, including not only technology, but better heath care and expanded literacy. This gave belief that the West was superior to the rest of the world. Western expansion attempts occurred from the crusades on. Economic motives contributed to this as well.
Imperialism in India. After Britain’s conquest of India in the 19th century, there was a more active hand in Indian affairs. More British government control replaced that of the East India Company, at this time respect of the Indian culture from the British officials declined. Hindus that converted to Christianity, received government jobs. British rule in the 19th century had great impact on Indian politics. India would severely change. British rule took over, in the form of a uniform code of laws, derived from British precedent, was imposed over the entire country. Administration became larger and more efficient. Britain established taxation laws on land were put into place. Britain established a civil service, the top officials were solely British, until 1864. British rule, of course had a cultural impact on India. Although many of the Indians did not convert to Christianity, Hinduism later was infused into India’s new leadership. I...


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...the Young Turks. They sought political rights similar to those promised in the constitution of 1876. The Young Turks pursued ending political corruption, and a vigorous foreign policy. The Young Turk movement was unclear if they wanted to revive the Ottoman Empire, or form a more modern based state. The movement relied heavily on Turkish pride. The movement proved to be the basis for the modern Turkish nation that emerged after the larger Ottoman empire collapsed. In 1914, the Middle East was caught up between the pressures of imperialism, and the structures of the Ottoman state. The Young Turks served a symbol of independence. Nationalism had come to be in the Middle East. The Middle East went through a lot of continuous changes, although changes occurred, many of religious beliefs and traditions remained. Some things can never be altered, even with a driving force.

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European Imperialism During The 19th Century Essay

- European imperialism in Africa can be explained in a large part by the ability of Western ships, steam-propelled, to navigate up the previously impenetrable African rivers. This allowed contacts wit the interior that no people, including Africans themselves, had ever before achieved. Steam-driven iron boats were also basic to the European penetration of China. Western weaponry continued to increase. By the late 19th century, Western soldiers were armed with repeating rifles. Representing a huge advantage....   [tags: British Empire, Africa, Colonialism, Imperialism]

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