European Colonization Of The Americas Essay

European Colonization Of The Americas Essay

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Civilization is created by numerous different elements that come together to develop a human community. This community becomes a highly complex organization such as towns or cities that require sufficient food production. The large minority of the community must be efficient enough to engage in activities such as the creation of infrastructure or works of art, the practice of skilled warfare, and the administration of a government that is capable of running the machinery of state. This paper discusses American civilization and the events that led to England gaining control over the Atlantic and establishing settlements in the North America; and the events that led to the demise of Spanish power in the Atlantic.
Early Conquests
European colonization of the Americas began during the 10th century "when Norse sailors explored and settled in many wide areas on the shores of present-day Greenland and Canada" (Palsson, 1965) , but violent conflicts with the indigenous population made the Norse abandon those settlements. Early European conquests in North America included the Spanish Florida, Spanish New Mexico, the English colonies of Virginia and New England, the French colonies of Acadia and Canada, the Swedish colony of New Sweden, and the Dutch New Netherland. More nations gained the interest of colonization of the Americas and the competition for territory became more fiery as colonists even faced the threat of attacks from neighboring colonies and indigenous tribes and pirates.
Europe Expands Over The Atlantic
The Age of Discovery or Age of Exploration during the sixteenth century focused on European expansion with extensive overseas explorations that became a powerful factor of the European culture. Foreign discovery, pop...


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...m the changing military and economic resources. Spain was confronted by the new experiences, difficulties and suffering because of the desire to empire-building. The failure of the Spanish Armada’s was regarded as a turning point which started the decline even if Spanish forces continued to win victories in the 1620s and 1630s. In 1639, a Spanish fleet was destroyed off the English coast and thereafter in 1643 Spain suffered defeat by France which extinguished Spanish military power following an imperial retreat. With the population in its more diversified characteristic were immigrants who came from all countries of the world making the United States the largest economy in the world. The United States throughout its history has faced struggles within the country and between various ethnic, religious, political, and economic groups, and with other nations.

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