Shiraev and Levy (2010) explain, “Conformity is a form of social influence in which individuals change their attitudes and/or behavior to adhere to a group or social norm” (p. 283). Social psychologists view conformity as a way to accommodate those in the majority, maintain a sense of accord, and to avoid negative consequences. It is also a way for people to preserve positive relationships by living up to others expectations (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Rational actor theories are another perspective of why people conform. This approach suggests that conformity is a rational choice made by individuals after they have examined all possible alternatives and their benefits and consequences (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).
In the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, both ethnic groups are bound by their respective religious beliefs and customs. In both cultures, political and religious conformity is of significant importance and citizenship is dependent on it (Ho...
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Krueger, J. I., & DiDonato, T. E. (2008). Social categorization and the perception of groups and group differences. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2(2), 733-750.
Mollov, B., & Barhoum, M. I. (1999). Building religious/cultural bridges between Israeli and Palestinian uiversity students. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics, 9, 55.
Shamir, J., & Shikaki, K. (2002). Self-serving perceptions of terrorism among Israelis and Palestinians. Political Psychology, 23(3), 537-557.
Shiraev, E. B., & Levy, D. A. (2010). Cross-cultural psychology: Critical thinking and contemporary applications (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson/Allyn Bacon.
WGBH Educational Foundation. (2002). Global Connections. Retrieved from PBS: Public Broadcasting Service: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/themes/religion/index.html
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