Ethics : The Philosophical Study Of Morality Essay

Ethics : The Philosophical Study Of Morality Essay

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Ethics is the philosophical study of morality. These days our society is changing due to advanced technology, hence the study of ethics is very important than the previous decades. In fact, the study of ethics is not a new issue but Socrates and Plato used ethical reasoning to explain different unjust issues before 2000 years. Ethics is one of the major issues, which does have not any guideline to a particular activity that is morally good, bad or neutral. However, everyone has different understanding and judgment about ethics depend on their cultural, economical, and family back ground. For instance, lying is unethical in most society and it is normal for some other cultures. Therefore, it is difficult to give universal meaning about morality as it depends on a given culture. For this reason, I would say there is not a single universal standard to label someone’s ethical decision as right and wrong. However, all countries should adopt ethical behavior with their environment in order to have honesty and caring society. An Individual can choose among different alternatives based on his or her ethical decision, but it is very difficult to say his or her ethical decision is right or wrong.
According to act-utilitarianism theory, “an individual action is good if its benefits exceed its harms and an action is bad if its harms exceed its benefits” (Quinn, 73). Furthermore, rule-utilitarianism theory says, “person’s act is morally right if and only if it produces at least as much happiness as any other acts that the person could perform at that moment” (Quinn 78). In general, both act- utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism focused on utility and doing universal good things. I personally agree on both theories, but I think making people...


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...ability. The reason why I did that is because I wanted them to make a pragmatic decision instead of a friendly one. They did and ended up not hiring him.
In conclusion, my ethical behavior has focused on two main circumstances. The first one is on my professional duties which follow rules and professional codes. The second one is applying ethical behavior in my day-to-day personal life. As I mentioned earlier, I tend to follow the theory of utilitarianism in order to do positive things in my day-to-day life. In general, I believe that ethics must be a rule for all human beings throughout their entire life. Finally, I believe ethical behavior is a teachable theory and education can change society’s understanding about the importance of ethical behavior and morality. Therefore, unethical behavior has negative consciences to someone’s life and to the community as well.

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