Well-being, not just health is valuable. The main point of curing a disease is to improve the patient’s well-being so that the person may live and enjoy life on a more profound level. With this perspective, it is an ethical responsibility to improve well-being and not just correct health problems. Consider the following thought-experiment. Suppose humans, designing a society without knowledge of their personal roles in it, had two options: (1) any member upon entering society is assigned a potential for great well-being drawn from a normal distribution, or (2) every member is provided a high potential for great well-being. The later choice is clearly the better one, and refusing it would be unethical. Our own society will have to make this choice in the near future, with regard to decid...
... middle of paper ...
...ring, 6]. In this context, the veil of ignorance conceals from the parent the particular biases of society for certain traits that are otherwise not genuinely physically desirable. It is ethical to enhance the non-positional traits that remain through the veil, as long as the enhancement is available to everyone and there is no coercion or state-imposed plan to take away choice, because the individual benefits without negative effects on society.
Our guttural qualms may cloud our understanding about the ethical status of genetic enhancement. The technology is a tool which can be used ethically to promote well-being and provide everyone with greater opportunities. We must not be quick to condemn it. Its acceptance will require a shift in social norms, but not a shift the understanding of what it means to be an ethical human at its essence: rational and beneficent.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Medical professionals today can screen for certain genetic traits (genetic diseases and sex) with in vitro fertilization and preimplantation genetic diagnosis to obtain a healthy child, and reproductive technology continues to improve. With this in mind, the question arises whether sex selection is ethical. Julian Savulescu, Uehiro Professor of Practical Ethics at Oxford University, argues that sex selection is moral, based on his ethical principle of Procreative Beneficence: that “couples (or single reproducers) should select the child, of the possible children they could have, who is expected to have the best life, or at least as good a life as the others, based on the relevant, available... [tags: Genetic Engineering ]
1647 words (4.7 pages)
- Table Of Content: Page 1: Cover Page Page 2: Table Of Content Page 3: Introduction Page 4: Literature Review Page 5: Literature Review Continued Page 6: Literature Review Continued Page 7: Methodology Page 8: Questionnaire Page 9: Bibliography Generations younger than 30 will be more open and willing to pay more to genetically engineering their children. Aim: The aim of my research is to determine which age category will be more supportive and willing to genetically engineering babies and to what price people will be willing to pay to genetically engineer their children.... [tags: biotechnolgy, genome, dna]
1312 words (3.7 pages)
- The evolution of technology has been hand in hand with the human subjugation of earth, but the question persists, when does the use of technology go too far. Advances in medical science have tremendously improved the average human lifespan and the quality of life for individuals. Medical science and biology are steadily arriving at new ways to make humans superior by the use of advanced genetic alteration. This ability raises the question of how ought this new technology be used, if at all. The idea of human enhancement is a very general, since humans are constantly “enhancing” themselves through the use of tools.... [tags: Genetic Alteration, Medical Science]
1355 words (3.9 pages)
- Beneficial or a serious threat. Genetic modification is nothing new. For many years, humans have been genetically enhancing other organisms through the practice of selective breeding. However, many fear that we are losing the reality of what it means to be a human, and, in the process messing with the balance of nature. The risks that come with genetic engineering is an obvious concern, but, it is necessary that we continue to move forward with science in order to create solutions that can improve the quality of life for the future.... [tags: DNA, Genetically modified food]
1052 words (3 pages)
- The evolution of technology has been hand in hand with the human subjugation of earth, but the question persists, when does the use of technology go too far. Advances in medical science have increased the average human lifespan and improved the quality of life for individuals. Medical science and biology are steadily arriving at new ways to alter humans by the use of advanced genetic alteration. This technology gives rise to the question of how this new technology ought to be used, if at all.... [tags: genetics, morality, technology]
3287 words (9.4 pages)
- In the essay "Ethics in the New Genetics" by the Dalai Lama, the author states that before biogenetics may continue human beings must hold with them a "moral compass" that will protect all human beings from their fundamental characteristics to be taken away; the Dalai Lama hopes this will create more ethical decisions in the future. Similarly, in "Human Dignity" by Francis Fukuyama, the author examines the rise of human genetics and how it is going down a path that does not consider human essence, or in his words Factor X, as a legitimate attribute to all human beings as these biogenetics continue.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Human, Humans]
1611 words (4.6 pages)
- Throughout the course of my studies in the applied ethics area, specifically focusing on the Ethics of Sport, I will be arguing the unethical use of performance enhancing drugs and exactly why they should be banned. Based upon gamesmanship and sportsmanship, virtue ethics, and a combination of permissible logical reason to ban, it is nearly astounding that these drugs are still accepted among many members of society. Section I: Gamesmanship vs. Sportsmanship and the Boundaries of Ethics To interact with many arguments for Ethics of Sport, it is first of all very important to have a general view or definition of ethics in itself; I can define ethics as a moral principle or group or principl... [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Morality, Virtue ethics]
1528 words (4.4 pages)
- ... Due to the fact that ‘golden rice’ helps patients with vitamin A deficiency, it supports the idea that GMOs help people on a nutritional level. Genetically modified foods not only offer nutritional benefits in the form of curing illnesses, but also offer the chance for people suffering from world hunger to gain extra nutrients by increasing crop yields. In example, in 2001, the National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy (NCFAP) of the US issue a report on “the effects of crop biotechnology” in the US.... [tags: Genetically modified food, Genetic engineering]
2125 words (6.1 pages)
- Ethics refers to the moral principles that affect ways of decision making by people and their lifestyles. Moral principles refer to the individuals and societal goods. Ethics enables people to deal with dilemmas including a realization of their rights and responsibilities, differentiation between right and wrong, understanding how to lead a good life and making moral decisions. Ethics is also concerned with examination and critique of moral beliefs and practices. Examination and critiquing of moral beliefs and practices involves investigation on specific norms, behaviors and behaviors, then judging them to determine if they are mutually contradictory.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Management, Business ethics]
1083 words (3.1 pages)
- The Ethics of Genetically Modified Food Production As human technological innovation proceeds into the twenty-first century, society is faced with many complex issues. Genetic engineering and cloning, encryption and information security, and advanced weapons technologies are all prominent examples of technological issues that have substantial moral and ethical implications. Genetic engineering in particular is currently a very volatile subject. One important aspect of this field is GMO or Genetically Modified Organisms, which has far-reaching potential to revolutionize modern agriculture.... [tags: GMOs Genetically Modified Foods]
4155 words (11.9 pages)