Prometheus was the ambitious son of the titan Iapetus who should have been satisfied with all that he was. However, despite Zeus’s supremacy over the secret to life, Prometheus proceeded to create mortal humans. In order to generate this species, Prometheus stole fire from Zeus as a sustainability precaution for the humans. As punishment, Zeus nailed and chained the Prometheus to a mountain where he would be forced to endure a bird pecking away his immortal liver each day. Since Prometheus could regenerate his liver nightly, the bird would continually devour his liver (Apollo Library 1.7.1). The novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley was originally titled The Modern Prometheus since both Prometheus and Victor Frankenstein attempted to bypass the higher power’s entire jurisdiction over ...
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...bour. After killing Iphitus, who had defended Heracles, he was sold as a slave and ordered to serve Omphale, princess of Lydia, for three years as his purification. Heracles was eventually poisoned by his wife, Deinaria, because she was jealous that he had captured Iole. This event again exemplifies that an individual can have too much of a good thing, since Heracles had already been with multiple women, and eventually one of the partners poisons him.
“Nothing in Excess” is a vital message because it shows that you should not be self-indulgent or you will have to endure the consequences. The only figure who is never punished for his excessive gluttony is Zeus but that is because he is the ultimate ruler. Prometheus, Icarus, and Heracles do not understand the concept of moderation, and therefore earn grim penalties. The maxim inscribed at Delphi promotes gratitude.
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