Essay on The Ethics Of Abortion Is Morally Justified Or Not?

Essay on The Ethics Of Abortion Is Morally Justified Or Not?

Length: 1549 words (4.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The ethics of abortion is a topic that establishes arguments that attempt to argue if abortion is morally justified or not. Philosopher Judith Jarvis Thomson wrote a pro- choice piece called “A Defense of Abortion.” In this paper, she presents various arguments that attempt to defend abortion by relating it to the woman carrying the fetus and her right in controlling her body. On the other side of the spectrum, philosopher Don Marquis wrote a pro- life paper called “Why Abortion Is Immoral.” Ultimately, Marquis argues that abortion is immoral with rare exceptions because it is resulting in the deprivation of the fetus’s valuable future. He supports his paper by creating the future-like-ours argument that compares the future of a fetus to the future of a human being. In the case of Mrs. Adams, she struggles to make ends meet even though her husband and she plans on having ab abortion because she believes bringing a child into the world is not the best option for her family. In the case Mrs. Adams’s unwanted pregnancy, I will use their arguments to see if her decision to have an abortion is morally justified. Through Thomson’s use of the violinist analogy and burglar and people-seeds analogy, I will show that Mrs. Adams’s abortion is morally justified because Mrs. Adams got pregnant despite the use of contraception; showing that the fetus’s right to life and its potential is not equal to the use of her body since she did not consent to the fetus’s use of her body.
In Thomson’s “A Defense on Abortion,” she presents her pro-choice argument which is mainly supported by analogies called the violinist analogy, burglar analogy and the people seeds analogy. Firstly, she begins her argument with speaking about whether or not a fetus is a p...


... middle of paper ...


...a major value in the future and depriving someone of this is ripping this valuable thing away from them. Killing removes the possibility of the big picture of a person’s life to be completed. Marquis brings in the idea of those who are terminally ill from various things like cancer, know that they’re dying and are sad because they know that they are losing their future. He equates the future of a fetus to a human being because just like human beings, a fetus has a possible future of experience and important moments in life. Fetuses are potentially human beings and this potential makes their future just as valuable, if not more. Fetuses are not able to grow into a person who has emotions, feelings, and future experiences. Ultimately, Marquis states that abortion is morally wrong because it is an act of killing which causes them to untimely lose their valuable future.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Abortion, Rocked The World Of Ethics

- A largely recognized, controversial, and hotly debated topic, abortion, rocked the world of ethics in the 19th century, most notably with the Supreme Court decision of Roe vs. Wade in the 1970s. The debate elicited discord in every aspect of life, from the world of science, to the religious realm, to the center of political battlefields, and even within our own homes. It was believed that there would never again be such an ethical plight to consume not only America, but the world- until now. It is with the research, development, and implementation of Stem Cell Research (with an emphasis on embryonic), that the ethical conundrum of abortion has finally met its match at permanently seizing th...   [tags: Stem cell, Embryonic stem cell, Ethics, Stem cells]

Strong Essays
1360 words (3.9 pages)

A Defense Of Abortion By Judith Thomson And The Article Why Abortion Is Immoral

- The right to life The article A Defense of Abortion written by Judith Thomson and the article Why Abortion is Immoral by Don Marquis deal with the arguments of whether abortion is moral, immoral, justified or not. The author Don Marquis wants to prove that abortion is immoral without taking into consideration extreme cases, while Thomson says that abortion is justified in some cases. The latter supports her arguments by saying that abortion is justified in cases such as rape and when the mother’s life, which is the most important here, is in danger....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Abortion, Human]

Strong Essays
1029 words (2.9 pages)

Abortion And The Pro Choice Movement Essays

- When you tell a toddler that they cannot have a cookie, even though they initially did not care about whether the toddler could consume the cookie, suddenly they cannot stop thinking about that cookie they can no longer have. This is a natural human response occurs in adults as well as children. So as you would expect, although 47% of women have declared themselves pro-choice (Saad "Americans Misjudge U.S. Abortion Views"), according to a study of average abortion rates in 2011, only 1.7% of women aged 15–44 had an abortion (Jones and Jerman "Abortion Incidence and Service Availability In the United States, 2011")....   [tags: Abortion, Human rights, Roe v. Wade]

Strong Essays
2312 words (6.6 pages)

The Ethics of Abortion Essay

- Background and Context Abortion is defined as a procedure that is done to remove an embryo or fetus from the uterus of its mother in order to prevent its birth (Roth, 2005). Abortion is categorized as a bioethical issue because it relates to the morals of biomedical advances, policies and research. Abortion is a difficult subject that can involve personal morals and beliefs, legality and religious values. The issue is often viewed from either the side of pro-life, which places emphasis on the fetus and its right to life or pro-choice, which emphasizes the rights of the mother to decide the appropriate action (Roth, 2005)....   [tags: removla of a fetus to prevent birth]

Strong Essays
2300 words (6.6 pages)

Is Abortion A Matter Of Reproductive? Essay

- Abortion is a procedure in which a pregnancy is terminated by the removal of a fetus or embryo. This procedure has been and is still a controversial topic and debate in society, individuals have different opinions and arguments towards this subject. Many people defend their argument and opinion is based on their own value system. Although abortion is a matter of reproductive rights, individuals will perceive it by their own ethics and morals. Philosophers Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, and John Stuart Mill discuss and express their own system of morals and ethics....   [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Deontological ethics]

Strong Essays
1102 words (3.1 pages)

Abortion Is The Best Option For Women Essay

- Abortion Abortion is one of the most highly arguable and controversial topic. It is an ethical issue that has been discussed and debated for decades. Abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy (citation). Those who defend and stand for abortion are the Pro-Choice group. Pro Choice believe abortion is rightfully a woman 's choice on what she chooses to do with her body. In people’s daily personal lives, situation will not always be black and white....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Pregnancy]

Strong Essays
1316 words (3.8 pages)

Essay Law Versus Ethics

- The conflict between law and ethics has been a topic of debate since time immemorial. Today, the debate rages on especially with the issues like abortion, euthanasia, gay marriages which highlight the contention between ethics and law. Is it ethically justified to administer euthanasia to a suffering person who his family or the patient requests for it. Is abortion ethically justified because it is legal. Is gay marriage illegal and wrong because the society and the law say so. These among many are just few examples of the many conflicts that surround law and ethics and they are yet to be answered as the debate rages on....   [tags: Abortion, Euthanasia, Gay Marriage ]

Strong Essays
1500 words (4.3 pages)

Consequentialism: Principia Ethics by G.E. Moore Essay

- People have opinions and ideas when it comes to ethical dilemmas. There are many examples: The debate on abortion, the trolley problem, and moral absolutism, to name just a few. In all of these examples it appears that emotion and feelings will, at some point, override an important ethical decision that needs to be made. An important factor of an ethical dilemma is how and when it might appear. Some dilemma's, like the debate on abortion, can appear in a way that there is time to talk through all options and available ethical concepts....   [tags: ethical dilemmas, abortion, Battlestar Galactica ]

Strong Essays
1567 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on The Abortion

- Will and Fran are two high school students who find themselves in a big predicament. Will and Fran have been going out for the last two years and have been sexual active over the past year. One night Will go over Fran's house and there is know one home. They both start to get intimate with each other but Will realizes he has no condom. He persuades Fran she will not get pregnant and everything will be all right. They have sexual intercourse and they both agreed it was the best sex they ever had....   [tags: Ethical Analysis]

Free Essays
994 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Ethical Dilemmas Surrounding Abortion

- Ethical Dilemmas Surrounding Abortion In our society, there are many ethical dilemmas that we are faced with that are virtually impossible to solve. One of the most difficult and controversial issues that we are faced with is abortion. There are many strong arguments both for and against the right to have an abortion which are so complicated that it becomes impossible to resolve. The complexity of this issue lies in the different aspects of the argument. The essence of a person, rights, and who is entitled to these rights, are a few of the many aspects which are very difficult to define....   [tags: Ethics Papers]

Strong Essays
1432 words (4.1 pages)