Utilitarianism is a consequentialist theory that was first theorized by Jeremy Bentham, who summed up the fundamental quality of utilitarianism as, “It is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong.” Bentham was not a religious person and did not want to involve God or any aspect of deism within his theory, so he used the avoidance of pain and the promotion of pleasure as a basis for defining “happiness” and did not involve anything of moral or religious significance. Bentham’s theory also measures pleasure and pain in terms of intensity, duration, proximity, certainty, proximity, productiveness, purity, and extent. However, Bentham’s pleasure versus pain determinant...
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...in moderation. If the employee is stealing boxes of pens and other supplies at a time, it is not okay as that would be greedy and gluttonous, which are two excessive traits that do not fall under the Golden Mean nor is it excellent. However, if the employee was stealing to give to charity and took some pens, that would be a generous action and deemed ethical with the Golden Mean.
After analyzing this situation under utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, and virtue ethics, the best theory to use would be utilitarianism. This would be most effective because it would take into account all of the consequences of “borrowing” office supplies, including the effects on the employees, office finances, and anyone else involved. This would help the company understand what the best action to take would be regarding the employee and office policies in moving forward from this incident.
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