Essay on Ethics And Ethics : Deontology And Utilitarianism

Essay on Ethics And Ethics : Deontology And Utilitarianism

Length: 1216 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Ethic is defined as a set of moral principles or values, a theory of system of moral values, the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group. In all its form, ethics deals with what is good and bad, and with moral duty and obligation. Hence, ethics is either a set of principles held by an individual or group, or the discipline that studies the set of principles (Duska, Duska, & Ragatz, 2011). Ethical theories provide principles that can be useful when solving dilemmas whereas business ethics refers to the ethical values that determine the interaction between a company and its stakeholders. The three major approaches in normative ethics identified are virtue ethics, deontological and utilitarianism (Kraut, 2012), but in this paper the focus is on the two major one proposed for the accounting profession – deontology and utilitarianism.
Deontology and Utilitarianism Described
Deontological and utilitarianism are the two type of ethics system which characterizes ethical decision-making with respect to organizational culture and the accounting profession (Pointe Cast Presentation, n.d.). The paper presents in the following section the diverse approaches provided on the two ethical systems.
Deontological Ethics
Deontological ethics is duty-centered where the rule, as the basis of the act, determines the result, and is good regardless of the result obtained. However, the result is always calculated within the rules or the norms. That is, no anticipated result can be used as a justification for breaking any rule or norm (Geisler, 2010).
Under deontological ethics, universal norms are prescribed to determine people’s behavior. Morality is considered to be a duty or a moral rule followed by all where reason is the so...

... middle of paper ...

...ates the revenues or income in order to obtain loans from a bank to save a drowning company, thus keep employees working.
Utilitarianism accounting context. The widely known accounting scandals of recent years have drawn the attention of academics and the general public to the apparent lack of personal ethical responsibility of executives in a number of public companies including some of the largest. The passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley legislation in the United States was the result of these scandals, stipulating that Chief Executive Officers (CEO) and Chief Financial Officers (CFO) are required to certify the veracity of the financial statements, obviously placing ethical responsibility on the top management. Corporate officials should be concerned about preparing financial reporting in the interest of all financial statement users; and not to garner financial or

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Utilitarianism, Deontology, And Virtue Ethics Essay

- In life, human beings are always required to make decisions and actions on certain things regardless of age, it is essential in order to live. However, the ways we act have an impact on happiness and on our lives; therefore, doing good action is believed to be the key to live well. What is considered as good actions, though. Here are some beliefs that determine good actions: utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics. They all have ideas on measurement of good actions, and despite the differences on the three ideas, they all pursue to the same goal: to be happy at the end....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Morality, Virtue]

Better Essays
1171 words (3.3 pages)

The Moral Theories Of Utilitarianism, Deontology, And Virtue Ethics Essay examples

- In Global Ethics, there are various theories that can apply to it. There are moral theories, political theories and rights theories. Under each of these types of theories are specified topics and ideas. The main moral theories are Utilitarianism, Deontology and Virtue Ethics. Under political theory, there is cosmopolitanism and Rawls’ theory of social justice. Under rights theory, there is human rights. All of these specified topics give a different approach to ethics and how we might perceive what ethics are....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Political philosophy, Justice]

Better Essays
1834 words (5.2 pages)

Essay on Deontology Vs. Utilitarianism : Case

- Deontology vs. Utilitarianism: Case #1 Case: You are at home one evening with your family, when all of a sudden, a man throws open the door. He’s holding a shotgun in his hands, and he points it directly at your family. It seems he hasn’t seen you yet. You quietly and carefully retrieve the pistol your father keeps in his room for home protection. Are you morally allowed to use the pistol to kill the home invader. This case is a very difficult one because it’s not just involving you but it is involving the people you love dearest....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Utilitarianism]

Better Essays
884 words (2.5 pages)

Ethical Theories Of Utilitarianism And Deontology Essay example

- Humans place themselves at the top of the sociological tier, close to what we as individuals call our pets who have a sentimental value in our lives. Resource animal’s on the other hand have a contributory value within our lives: they provide us with meat and other important resources. In order to determine the boundaries between how we treat animals as pets and others simply as resources, utilitarians see these “resource animals” as tools. They contemplate the welfare significances of animals as well as the probable welfares for human-beings....   [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, Morality]

Better Essays
1747 words (5 pages)

Essay on Moral Relativism, Deontology, And Utilitarianism

- Throughout the realm of morality, there are three dominant theories that have prevailed: moral relativism, deontology, and utilitarianism. The esteemed Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent leader of the Civil Rights Movement and well renowned for his tendencies to promote nonviolence. He frequently encouraged other blacks to adhere to his path of nonviolence during this time of oppression. Through careful observation of King’s texts, it is quite evident that he conforms to deontology in his early efforts for racial quality and, in the latter part of the Civil Rights Movement, he blatantly expresses a utilitarian approach....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Utilitarianism, Intrinsic value]

Better Essays
2007 words (5.7 pages)

Utilitarian And Deontology Ethics And Ebola Essay

- Utilitarian and Deontology ethics and Ebola Quarantine Recently, there has been a large outbreak of the Ebola Hemorrhagic virus in West Africa, causing wide spread suffering and death in the region. In effect, many humanitarian missions have been deemed necessary to help countries treating patients suffering from the virus, as well as preventing the expansion of the epidemic. Unfortunately, some of the medical personnel who went on the humanitarian missions have returned to their own countries only to come down with the virus days later....   [tags: Ethics, Utilitarianism, Normative ethics]

Better Essays
762 words (2.2 pages)

Ethics in Nursing Essay

- Deontology vs. Utilitarianism Deontology is an ethical theory concerned with duties and rights. The founder of deontological ethics was a German philosopher named Immanuel Kant. Kant’s deontological perspective implies people are sensitive to moral duties that require or prohibit certain behaviors, irrespective of the consequences (Tanner, Medin, & Iliev, 2008). The main focus of deontology is duty: deontology is derived from the Greek word deon, meaning duty. A duty is morally mandated action, for instance, the duty never to lie and always to keep your word....   [tags: Deontology, Utilitarianism]

Better Essays
1924 words (5.5 pages)

The Dark Knight : Utilitarianism Or Deontology? Essay

- The Dark Knight: Utilitarianism or Deontology. Both Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, had thoughts of the Principle of Utility and what it should be like. Bentham believes that the Principle of Utility depends on pain and pleasure and Mill believes that the Principle of Utility depends on higher pleasures and lower pleasures. Pain meaning evil and pleasure meaning good or greater benefits and higher pleasures meaning that action was good which would lead to a higher level of happiness and lower pleasures meaning bad which would lead to a decreasing level of happiness....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Batman, Two-Face]

Better Essays
1179 words (3.4 pages)

Ethical Theories Are Focused On Three Principles, Deontology, Utilitarianism, And Virtue

- Ethical theories are focused on three principles, Deontology, Utilitarianism, and virtue. Each one of them demonstrates different aspects of an ethical dilemma and leads to the most ethically correct resolution according to the guidelines within the ethical theory itself. Deontology The deontological theory states that people should adhere to their obligations and duties when analyzing an ethical dilemma. What does this mean. It means to make the correct moral choices; we have to understand what our moral duties are and what correct rules exist to regulate those duties....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Morality]

Better Essays
1157 words (3.3 pages)

Utilitarianism And Deontological Ethics : Utilitarianism Essay

- Utilitarianism and Deontological Ethics. Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. More specially, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce. Utilitarian Position • Act-Utilitarianism is a utilitarian theory of ethics which states that a person’s act is morally right if and only if it produces at last as much happiness as any other act that the person could perform at that time....   [tags: Morality, Utilitarianism, Ethics, Immanuel Kant]

Better Essays
706 words (2 pages)