Ethics relates to what is morally right or wrong (Velasquez, Thomson-Wadsworth, 2011). Different schools of thought exist concerning ethics defined by their moral principles. Despite the three schools of thoughts all concerned with what is morally right or wrong, Act-Utilitarianism seems to present a more plausible argument than Natural Law and Divine Command Theory. This is because: Act-Utilitarianism is considered as one of the best known and the most influential moral theories; it is one of the forms of consequentialism which defines whether the actions are moral relying on their effects in the future. What is more, this theory rejects moral codes or different systems which consist of taboos (based on traditions and customs) and orders given by leaders. The followers of this study believe that the main purpose of morality is to change the life for a better by means of increasing the amount of good things (for instance happiness and pleasure) and to decrease the number of bad things (pain and other negative emotional and physical state).
To begin with, one should note that it is difficult to overestimate the influence of ethics on life and character of the personality, and society. This is a system of knowledge that helps to distinguish the good from the evil, and its ambiguous variety can be narrowed down to moral concepts, perceptions and norms. In order to disclose all aspects of this topic, one should consider all these three theories more detailed. First of all, in this paper we will give a brief explanation of each theory as it is important to have an understanding of the topic that is under discussion; after that we will compare them and define their similarities and differences, and finally we will make conclusion...
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...ools of thought: Divine Command Theory, Natural Law and Act-Utilitarianism. Definitely, there are some differences between them, as they give preference to the moral values that do not always coincide. That is why it is important to discuss them first of all separately in order to disclose their aspect in details, and then to compare whether they similar features. However, there is something in common, for instance between Natural Law and Divine Theory, they accept the values defined by God, but only Act-Utilitarianism differs because social and personal values are considered as more important than those given by supernatural creatures or spirits. All in all, these tree schools investigate all aspects of morals and describe their extraordinary complexity and duration of formation in the person, and help the people to find their own place in the society.
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