Ethical theories are focused on three principles, Deontology, Utilitarianism, and virtue. Each one of them demonstrates different aspects of an ethical dilemma and leads to the most ethically correct resolution according to the guidelines within the ethical theory itself.
The deontological theory states that people should adhere to their obligations and duties when analyzing an ethical dilemma. What does this mean? It means to make the correct moral choices; we have to understand what our moral duties are and what correct rules exist to regulate those duties. For example, a deontologist will always keep his promises to a friend and will follow the law. A person who follows this theory will produce very consistent decisions since they will be based on the individual 's set duties.
Deontology also provides a basis for special duties and obligations to special people, such as those within one 's family. For example, an older brother may have an obligation to protect his little sister when they cross a busy road together. This theory also praises those deontologists who exceed their duties and obligations, which is called "supererogation" as stated in the article.
The utilitarian ethical theory is founded on the ability to predict the consequences of an action. To a utilitarian, the choice that yields the greatest benefit to the most people is the choice that is ethically correct. One advantage of this ethical theory is that the utilitarian can compare similar predicted solutions and use a point system to find which option is more beneficial for more people. This point system provides a logical and rationale argument for each decision and allows a person to use it on a case-by-case context. Utilitarians v...
... middle of paper ...
...an be discussed by everyone.
• Talk with people on all sides of the question. Tell them that you want to be fair, guilty neither of favoritism toward family members nor of discriminating against them. Ask if they think you are doing either.
• Treat everyone exactly the same. Openly announce that positions, housing, and so forth are available and ask people to apply for them.
• Leave a paper trail. When you communicate via email or other written announcements, you have everything in writing. Follow up each oral communication whether in a personal meeting, telephone or Skype conversation with a written summary.
• Get the opinion of a person not involved, someone outside your company if possible. That way you have the unbiased judgments of an objective individual.
These may not prevent accusations of nepotism, but at least you have a record of your attempts to avoid it.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Humans place themselves at the top of the sociological tier, close to what we as individuals call our pets who have a sentimental value in our lives. Resource animal’s on the other hand have a contributory value within our lives: they provide us with meat and other important resources. In order to determine the boundaries between how we treat animals as pets and others simply as resources, utilitarians see these “resource animals” as tools. They contemplate the welfare significances of animals as well as the probable welfares for human-beings.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, Morality]
1747 words (5 pages)
- Deontology and Utilitarianism: Ethical Theories for Nurses Ethics is not a concept that is thought about often, but it is practiced on a daily basis. Even while unconscious of the fact, people consider ethics while making every choice in life. There are many theories to which people allude, but two radically different theories that are sometimes practiced are deontology and utilitarianism. Deontology deals with actions in a situation while utilitarianism examines the consequences of those actions.... [tags: immanuel kant, philosophy]
1121 words (3.2 pages)
- Every day we are confronted with questions of right and wrong. These questions can appear to be very simple (Is it always wrong to lie?), as well as very complicated (Is it ever right to go to war?). Ethics is the study of those questions and suggests various ways we might solve them. Here we will look at three traditional theories that have a long history and that provide a great deal of guidance in struggling with moral problems; we will also see that each theory has its own difficulties. Ethics can offer a great deal of insight into the issues of right and wrong; however, we will also discover that ethics generally won’t provide a simple solution on which everyone can agree (Mosser, 2013)... [tags: virture, utilitarianism, deontology]
1435 words (4.1 pages)
- Ethics use different theories for a person to base their decisions on throughout life. Two different theories are utilitarianism and deontological. Most theories relate to the well-being of others and the decisions to help the majority. Austin Cline notes the theory of deontology focuses on a strict obedience to moral rules or duties. Deontology releases a person from their personal emotions in these decisions and they use rules that are general to everyone. Stephen Nathanson suggests that everyone needs to develop their own ethical reasoning abilities because they need principles to support their decisions in life, so they can avoid the sociological and cultural influences within their live... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Moral]
1260 words (3.6 pages)
- Deontology Will but Utilitarianism Will Not My brother once introduced a song to me that described a scene so gruesome and so cruel that I could not help but shed a tear or two. This particular song was based on an experience by rapper, Immortal Technique. He encountered this in his youth when he was swept away by a lifestyle that promised riches and lavish things at a very expensive cost, the life of a gangster. The song starts off with a solemn tune and then moves on by telling the tale of Billy, a feeble young man desperate to prove he was evil; but what ever the case may be his greed over took him and he then decides to roll with the big thugs.... [tags: Philosophy ]
1169 words (3.3 pages)
Evaluaton of Ethical Theories and/or Principles and their Application in Critical Health and/or Social Care Setting
- Evaluation of Ethical Theories and/or Principles and their Application in Critical Health and/or Social Care Setting Introduction An Acute and critical clinical scenario involving life threatening conditions that requires high degree of accuracy with a very small allowable error margin calls for a quick judgement and response from intellectually and emotionally prepared social care professionals ( Stannard, Benner & Kyriakidis 2011 p. 1). In this situation, all the ethical principles are found to be in conflict with each other, necessitating the professional to use ethical theory to enable him/her in determining the relevant principle applicable in that particular situation through metaleve... [tags: deontological principle ]
1743 words (5 pages)
- Deontology vs. Utilitarianism: Case #1 Case: You are at home one evening with your family, when all of a sudden, a man throws open the door. He’s holding a shotgun in his hands, and he points it directly at your family. It seems he hasn’t seen you yet. You quietly and carefully retrieve the pistol your father keeps in his room for home protection. Are you morally allowed to use the pistol to kill the home invader. This case is a very difficult one because it’s not just involving you but it is involving the people you love dearest.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Utilitarianism]
884 words (2.5 pages)
- Nowadays the debate about the businesses’ ethical behavior through the decision making process has been increased due to the collapse of famous companies after the disclosure of financial scandals related with them. The legal responsibility has been focused on specific categories of professionals like accountants, auditors and managers as they are supposed to work in an appropriate way to avoid such circumstances. The purpose of this article is to review two academic journals which try to present situations, where managers and accountants were led to illegal behavior like defrauding financial statements, to analyze some ethical theories and explore what would have happened if they had been a... [tags: Financial Scandal, Ethical Theories, Informative]
1137 words (3.2 pages)
- Exploring Ethical Ideologies: Deontology and Consequentialism Contemporary society adheres to the ethical ideologies that were dictated by philosophers such as Immanuel Kant, W.D. Ross, and John Stuart Mill. The conundrum is deciding which ethical system is more consistent with our values: Deontology or Consequentialism. Both ideologies intend to promote betterment. It is the means used to achieve such goals that compels me to be a deontologist. While Consequentialism presents a pragmatic, amoral process where the end justifies the means, I prefer the ethical ideology deontology with a universal stance within the realm of morality, because its principles provides moral guidance, encourages... [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Deontological ethics]
1290 words (3.7 pages)
- Introduction The use of wasta to hire employees, or transact important business in companies is an age old behavior that has been in existence for many years. Here, individuals often use their influential capacity (wasta) operational in a trusted network of relatives (or other trusted but powerful members of the society) to acquire job/business opportunities (Hansen 1996). Although one can argue that the use of wasta can be beneficial in creating a network of trust for business organizations, as it will become clear here, its justification cannot withstand moral theories that should ideally apply to all business transactions within an organization.... [tags: Theory of Utilitarianism, Deontology Theory]
1485 words (4.2 pages)