Ethical Theories Are Focused On Three Principles, Deontology, Utilitarianism, And Virtue

Ethical Theories Are Focused On Three Principles, Deontology, Utilitarianism, And Virtue

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Ethical theories are focused on three principles, Deontology, Utilitarianism, and virtue. Each one of them demonstrates different aspects of an ethical dilemma and leads to the most ethically correct resolution according to the guidelines within the ethical theory itself.
Deontology
The deontological theory states that people should adhere to their obligations and duties when analyzing an ethical dilemma. What does this mean? It means to make the correct moral choices; we have to understand what our moral duties are and what correct rules exist to regulate those duties. For example, a deontologist will always keep his promises to a friend and will follow the law. A person who follows this theory will produce very consistent decisions since they will be based on the individual 's set duties.
Deontology also provides a basis for special duties and obligations to special people, such as those within one 's family. For example, an older brother may have an obligation to protect his little sister when they cross a busy road together. This theory also praises those deontologists who exceed their duties and obligations, which is called "supererogation" as stated in the article.
Utilitarianism
The utilitarian ethical theory is founded on the ability to predict the consequences of an action. To a utilitarian, the choice that yields the greatest benefit to the most people is the choice that is ethically correct. One advantage of this ethical theory is that the utilitarian can compare similar predicted solutions and use a point system to find which option is more beneficial for more people. This point system provides a logical and rationale argument for each decision and allows a person to use it on a case-by-case context. Utilitarians v...


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...an be discussed by everyone.
• Talk with people on all sides of the question. Tell them that you want to be fair, guilty neither of favoritism toward family members nor of discriminating against them. Ask if they think you are doing either.
• Treat everyone exactly the same. Openly announce that positions, housing, and so forth are available and ask people to apply for them.
• Leave a paper trail. When you communicate via email or other written announcements, you have everything in writing. Follow up each oral communication whether in a personal meeting, telephone or Skype conversation with a written summary.
• Get the opinion of a person not involved, someone outside your company if possible. That way you have the unbiased judgments of an objective individual.
These may not prevent accusations of nepotism, but at least you have a record of your attempts to avoid it.

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