Ethical Principles Of Justice, Utilitarianism, Fidelity, And Beneficence

Ethical Principles Of Justice, Utilitarianism, Fidelity, And Beneficence

Length: 1484 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Ethical principles of justice, utilitarianism, fidelity, and beneficence all play a role when dealing with the ethics of HIV. Beneficence imposes a duty for health employers to act in the best interest for patients, take positive action to help and to do well. Justice portrays equality and it requires that people should be treated fairly. It explains that a healthcare employer will treat all patients equally and use good judgement. Fidelity involves with loyalty, fairness, and being truthful. This principle applies to the patient and being honest with their partners about their status. Lastly, utilitarianism theory supports the greater good and what is best for people. It is important that HIV positive test results are reported, so third parties can get tested as well. It is best for society to know who is infected so that others can take precaution. However, it is understandable why patients would want to keep such information private. Although the ethical principles are beneficial guidelines, they often conflict. The principle of beneficence could be problematic in a relationship where one tests positive and is required to come clean to previous partners. It can be controversial, and argued that the ethical principle of autonomy is a basic individual right and should be respected in terms of independent decision making whether or not the positive test results should be reported. Due to HIPPA confidentiality, one can argue that their rights are protected under that law.
What 's at stake on both sides of the argument is a sense of safety being in jeopardy. One side is afraid of physical and emotional safety. The other group fears a loss in terms of self-decision making, discrimination, even physical violence. When it comes down to...

... middle of paper ... should have mandatory HIV testing, however they have a right to privacy and a right to freedom from being discriminated. Besides, the cost of testing all healthcare workers would cost more than $250 million which is not realistic. CITE
Although the disclosure of HIV+ status is a difficult and very personal matter. The argument for infected patients to inform his or her partner(s) is utilitarian. The other side argues that there are certain rights which people hold that should not be limited, which is the right of privacy and autonomy. It is beneficial, and in everyone’s best interest that HIV infected individuals are required to report to their partner(s). “Patients should always be informed that there are some statutes that impose criminal liability on someone who is a HIV carrier and knowingly engages in activities that could spread the virus to others (p.169)”

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Ethical Principles Of The Hippocratic Oath Essay examples

- Every patient has the right to refuse treatment if they are competent. In the case study the 35-year old woman’s religion and chronic disease was the determining factor of her not wanting to receive a blood transfusion. If the treating physician would try to influence her decision away from her family and offer a secret transfusion that would be unethical. According to the textbook ethical decision making was derived from natural law. It is thought that healthcare ethics interprets God’s will to determine how we can make for fellow human beings....   [tags: Medicine, Ethics, Medical ethics, Physician]

Better Essays
1039 words (3 pages)

Essay on The Six Ethical Principles

- ... These ethical principles are Beneficence, Autonomy, Justice, No maleficence, Fidelity and Veracity. We will be looking at how each one of the ethical principles impact a practitioner’s behavior and actions in the rehabilitation process. Beneficence: This ethical principle simply stated means to do good, to be proactive and also to prevent harm to the client when possible. It reflects the counselor's responsibility to contribute to the welfare of the client. Why is important for the counselor to abide by this code....   [tags: benefience, counselors, autonomy]

Better Essays
1618 words (4.6 pages)

Ethical Integrity While Writing a Dissertation Essay

- Executing the actual research of a dissertation is a process that can pose many ethical violations such as fabricating data, falsifying data, or plagiarizing (Committee, 2009). In addition, Committee (2009) stated that in order to execute research the research must know how to handle data. For my research, I will be discreet about handling data and open in communication with my participants, by issuing informed consent forms to all of my participants and requiring signatures to continue before any research is conducted....   [tags: Ethical Integrity in Research]

Better Essays
1470 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about Ethical Principles : Applying Positive Ethics

- (1) Applying Positive Ethics Positive ethics allows a psychologist to be aware of potential ethical dilemmas they face while striving to achieve their best in clinical practice. Positive ethics allows me to think through difficult situations that may arise and resolve ethical issues that may occur. For this reason, a clinician must be able to describe how they will apply positive ethics into their decision-making process. From my perspective, I plan to apply the five general ethical principles into my decision-making process because they share a set of core values....   [tags: Virtue, Ethics, Morality, Justice]

Better Essays
755 words (2.2 pages)

Ethical Principles Of Psychologists And Code Of Conduct Essay

- According to The American Psychological Association's (APA) Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, psychologists must comply with the standards of the APA Ethics Code as well as the rules and procedures used to carry them out. Having a lack of understanding of the ethical standards is not an acceptable cause to operate in an unethical manner. Furthermore, even though a specific regimen is not mentioned within the APA guidelines this does not exempt an unjust behavior (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010)....   [tags: Ethics, Psychology, Business ethics, Justice]

Better Essays
1197 words (3.4 pages)

The Ethical Principles Of Psychology Essay

- “If the focus of Psychology is to promote human welfare, harming another would not only prevent achieving this goal, it would thwart it.” (Kitchener & Kitchener, 2009, p.13). When researchers do not follow the ethical principles of research then their studies become unethical, and hold a poor standard. Ethical principles are based on basic social principles, but have really only been defined in the last 15 years of research. Many researchers such as Darley and Latané did not have these guidelines to follow, which is evident in the way in which their studies do not follow these ethical guidelines....   [tags: Ethics, Autonomy, Participation, Virtue]

Better Essays
1103 words (3.2 pages)

Hypothetical Treatment of Ethical Dilemma Essay

- This paper is an analysis of a hypothetical vignette in which a counselor-in-training named Callie, a fairly experienced and nearly-licensed counselor supervisee, approaches her counselor supervisor for advice and direction regarding an ethical dilemma. The purpose of this paper is to identify the ethical and legal implications of the dilemma along with an optimal solution to ethically resolve the issue. Using the Forrester-Miller and Davis Decision Making Model Ethical dilemmas are situations that are difficult to navigate and include making a difficult choice....   [tags: Doctoral Student Ethical Scenario]

Better Essays
1698 words (4.9 pages)

Essay on Ethical Principles in Clinical Mental Health

- The field of clinical mental health is one of great reward, but also one of grave responsibility. It is the duty of the counselor to provide the client with a safe environment and an open mind, in order to foster a healthy therapeutic relationship. The majority of mental health counselors would never intentionally harm their clients; however; good intentions are not enough to ensure that wrong will not occur. The ethical expectations and boundaries are regulated by both laws and professional codes....   [tags: Professional Counseling, Ethics]

Better Essays
714 words (2 pages)

Ethical Principles Of Non-Maleficence And Staffing Inadequacy Essay

- Non-maleficence and Staffing Inadequacies Nurses everywhere face problems and challenges in practice. Most of the challenges occur due to a struggle with the use of ethical principles in patient care. Ethical principles are “basic and obvious moral truths that guide deliberation and action,” (Burkhardt, Nathaniel, 2014). Ethical principles that are used in nursing practice include autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, veracity, confidentiality, justice, and fidelity. These challenges not only affect them, but the quality of care they provide as well....   [tags: Patient, Ethics, Nursing, Hospital, Medical ethics]

Better Essays
983 words (2.8 pages)

Using the Ethical Principles of the American Counseling Association Essay

- Using the Ethical Principles of the American Counseling Association Operating within the bounds of the principles asserted by the American Counseling Association (American Counseling Association [ACA], 2010) is a moral and ethical mandated for all counselors. Implementing the principles of, autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice, and fidelity can stimulate the creation of a healing environment wherein clients feel safe to explore the benefits of a therapeutic relationship (ACA, 2010). Often times, clients are unconsciously viewed and deemed vulnerable based on the severity of the circumstances that initiate the need for counseling....   [tags: Ethics ]

Better Essays
1771 words (5.1 pages)