Church and Roger talk about ethical issues that has mostly answered with right or wrong, whereas on the other hand ethical dilemmas does not have a clear right or wrong answer, therefore the decision on theses cases varies from one case to the other. For example, during 2011, I was working with Kabul Education University in Afghanistan as the Head of Operations for US embassy funded project and was in charge of all financial, Human Resources, Procurement and Program tasks. Based on NGO regulations in Afghanistan all the money that enters Afghanistan for any purposes should be channeled through an Afghan organization therefore the fund to our project was channeled through an Afghan local NGO. At some point we learned that the NGO was asking its staff to change the data or materials to show that the project is successful. This action is clearly wrong and could come under the first “ethical issues” with right or wrong answer category. On the other hand, we had a very young monitoring and evaluation officer who was expert in the field and was tasked to monitor and evaluate the teaching method of professors in class, but due to cultural norms and values in Afghanistan we experienced a lot of ethical di...
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...llingly. Finally the evaluation data should be kept confidential and the safety of the participants should be ensured.
On the other hand the ethical issues related to evaluator roles could be feasibility, accuracy, propriety and utility. Evaluation should realistic and practical, the information should be collected and analyzed accurately and impartially, it should be legal and ethical and it should address important questions, provide clear and understandable results and provide significant recommendations.
According to Holm-Hansen (2007), there might also be some other consideration like if you are collecting data about mental health you may need to go through Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) or Institutional Review Board (IRB) to ensure the research conducted is complied with the ethical standards of the host country or institution.
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