2. Ethical perspectives: (Utilitarianism, Rawls’ justice and fairness and deontologist)
It is essential to evaluate the three most relevant ethical perspectives which are utilitarianism, Rawls’ justice and fairness and deontologist, before explaining them, it is important to know that there are many ethical perspectives which can be implicated in ethics therefore they have connection with business as well.
Let me explain the meaning of them, before knowing how each ethical perspective is applied in business. Firstly, utilitarianism which is one of the most common ethical theories in the XIX century besides that it was “used to explain the importance to get the maximum benefit considering the greater number of individuals, as a result, the happiness of each person depends on the other” (philosophy glossary). Utilitarianism is one of the most powerful and persuasive approaches to normative ethics in the history of philosophy. Though not fully articulated until the 19th century, proto-utilitarian positions can be discerned throughout the history of ethical theory. (Stanford encyclopaedia of philosophy, 2009) It can be defined in a few words, if you do more good things than bad; you make a right choice, therefore whatever action right or wrong, they have consequences and these consequences are indifferent if the benefits have more impact than they do not, basically the point of view from John Stuart Mill who discovered the utilitarianism.
The utilitarianism is applied on business when for example you make decisions for you company, so you have to try to maximizing the benefits and minimizing the bad results of the company that is why the utilitarianism says that anything is acceptable if it guides to a successful end, therefore, t...
... middle of paper ...
...ow what you should do, although you can follow you feelings, values and make the best decision.
Finally, the whole word know that is very relevant to have an ethical behaviour because you see good results in your business and in your life, besides that we know that the reputation is one of the most important matters in business in view of the fact that good reputation can give confidence in your business which involves your stakeholders and suppliers, on account of you need to have a strong reputation if you want to get profits and be successful in your business. Perhaps, there are many situations which you do not know what you should do but in this case you examine your values and analyse the situation and then you can have a good choice moreover we have to take care of our ethical and morally behaviour due to we are the only one who can obtain our own reputation.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- It is essential to check the three most relevant ethical perspectives which are utilitarianism, Rawls’ justice and fairness and deontologist, before explaining them, it is important to know that there are many ethical perspectives which can be implicated in ethics, therefore, in business as well. Let me explain the meaning of them, before knowing how each ethical perspective is applied in business. Firstly, utilitarianism is one of the most common ethical theories in the XIX century besides that it was “used to explain the importance to get the greatest benefit considering the great number of people, as a result, the happiness of each person depends on the other” (philosophy glossary).... [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Justice, Philosophy]
1066 words (3 pages)
- The Oxford Learner’s Dictionary defines fairness to be ‘the quality of treating people equally or in a way that is reasonable’ and justice as ‘the quality of being fair or reasonable’ (Oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com, 2014). Investigation of the characteristics of the Australian Legal System (ALS) including its adoption, structure and operational rules, reveal that for the most part the system is based on these two attributes. This inference is further evidenced by the legally binding operational framework assigned to the financial services industry and reflected in the codes of practice that also guide it.... [tags: ALS, fairness, justice]
1278 words (3.7 pages)
- In chapter 11 The Kantian Perspective: Fairness and Justice Immanuel Kant suggests that the clear cut basic works upon the same technique as the ethical law and it is likewise disregarded by the individuals who accept who apply "double standards ". The downright basic may further be recognized as a prerequisite to not regard other objective creatures as means, for Kant communicates that every single reasonable being contain the capacity of pressing together objectives, yet never see themselves as just an intends to another reason for their moves are eventually made all alone benefit and are finishes in themselves.... [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Good and evil, Morality]
1820 words (5.2 pages)
- Have you ever been in an argument with your siblings or your parents and you end up not liking the outcome so you yell at the top of your lungs, “That’s not fair!”. And have they ever come back with the saying, “Life is not fair!”. That has happened to me numerous of times and if I sit there and think about it for a second I realize that life is not fair, not in the least bit. It doesn’t even try to disguise itself as fair it just keeps throwing stuff at us. But for some reason we humans want things to be fair even if they are not supposed to be.... [tags: Meaning of life, Jesus, Life, Want]
713 words (2 pages)
- “Each person has his or her own plan of life - what is good may vary. Right is set down in the social contract, the same for everyone”. Quote taken from the Chronicle of Higher Education in an article titled: "The Enduring Significance of John Rawls". John Rawls, a political philosopher around the 1950’s but was not well known until the 1970’s. John Rawls was highly recognized and studied at many established colleges such as Oxford, Cornell University where Rawls became a professional philosopher and Harvard.... [tags: Literary Analysis ]
1536 words (4.4 pages)
- When arguments or acts of disobedience occur in society, people try to solve the conflict. The purpose of justice actually helps them to solve many problems, but it takes the long way to reach the conclusion because jurors and the judge need to evaluate and discuss about facts on the trial. What is justice. Justice pursues fairness for each individual. In the magazine, “The Trials of Bidder 70,” Abe Streep describes Tim DeChristopher’s history as an environmental activist and his trials. Reading Unreasonable Doubt: Circumstantial Evidence and the Art of Judgment, written by Norma Thompson, I learned what is going on in trials and what is fairness in justice.... [tags: justice pursues fairness]
1365 words (3.9 pages)
- Legal system is a comprehensive term that is used to confirm the existence of the law; it also explains the law-making process and how this is enforced on everyone. The Australian legal system regulates all level of governments, organisations, and all people whether they are Australian born or have migrated here, and they must obey Australia’s regulations. The legal system here was developed from the United Kingdom’s legal system, as Australia was a colony of the British. At a glance, the British government granted restricted rights to their colonies, including Australia to set local government system.... [tags: Laws, Justice]
1299 words (3.7 pages)
- Although pursuing peace and justice at the same time is ideal since the armed conflict would end, and the “bad guys” would have to pay for their wrong doing. Pursuing both at the same time is a difficult initiative due to the different paths undertaken when pursuing peace and justice, the two reasons this essay will focus on are the ideas of forgiveness within peace and fairness within justice. Contemporary peace theorists refer to two types of peace: positive and negative peace. Positive peace refers the concept of conflict prevention, while negative peace is the absence of war.... [tags: forgiveness, fairness, theory, war]
627 words (1.8 pages)
- Rawls’ attempt to define justice as fairness within the confines of the original position in A Theory of Justice establishes a deontological ethic. Rawls’ theory prioritizes individual liberty with equality to illustrate the deficiencies of utilitarianism. Despite criticism from Sandel, Rawls’ justice as fairness theory adequately defends a redistributive system for the entire society while addressing the inequality of luck. In A Theory of Justice, Rawls attempts to provide an alternative to belief in utilitarianism and intuitionism with the justice as fairness theory.... [tags: Literary Review ]
1884 words (5.4 pages)
- Phil.104 Word Count: Take Home Exam # 1: Essay-2 John Rawls never claimed to know the only way to start a society, but he did suggest a very sound and fair way to do so. He based his just scenario on two principles of justice. His first principle of justice was that everyone should have the same rights as others. His following policy decision was that in the event of any inequalities, they should be to the benefit to everybody, and available to all people in the society.... [tags: essays research papers]
1008 words (2.9 pages)