Ethical Judgments and the Production of Knowledge Essay

Ethical Judgments and the Production of Knowledge Essay

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Humans are rational and emotional creatures whose intellect allows for the evaluation of behaviors and actions. These evaluations help humans rule over actions and create ethical judgments. Ethical judgments dictate over what should be done and restrict the way of being of individuals. Ethical judgments have an impact in the methods available in the production of knowledge, but are not considered hindrances since they affirm the principles of human morality and are needed to judge knowledge claims. Having said that, to what extent do ethics limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in the arts and the natural sciences?
In order to correctly explore the knowledge issue, an explanation of what ethics means in accordance to emotion and reason must be done. Ethics allows for the judgment of actions and ideas, in agreement to the established moral codes. Ethics exist because of moral dilemmas and emotional desires to assess consequences. Actions that lead to harmful consequences and provoke culpability and shame are considered immoral. While actions that lead to beneficial consequences and provoke happiness and satisfaction are considered morally correct.
In the explanation of ethics, however, one is undertaken by reason. Philosophers, such as Pythagoras of Samos, state that all things in the universe have an explanation through reason. Nonetheless, one cannot answer moral dilemmas through reason as the only way of knowing. For example, a radical Social Darwinist could logically argue that since the laws of nature dictate “survival of the fittest,” all homeless people ought to die. However, due to emotion, humans feel compassion and recognize that suffering and human loss is unethical.
Emotions can be strong feelin...


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