Ethical Egoism And The Idea Of A Social Contract Essay

Ethical Egoism And The Idea Of A Social Contract Essay

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ETHICAL EGOISM AND THE IDEA OF A SOCIAL CONTRACT
Social Contract consists in the set of rules, governing how people are to treat another, for their mutual benefits, on the condition that others follow those rules as well. The best example of the social contract is the laws and the governments.
The idea of a Social Contract
People always used to think why we have laws and governments and from where we get the idea of forming laws and governments, similarly from where we get the idea of a social contract? Hobbes’s argument and the prisoner’s dilemma are the two ways of arriving at the social contract theory.
Hobbes’s Argument
Thomas Hobbes, the foremost British philosopher said that if we don’t have any laws or governments, we can do whatever we want and it will be like “the state of nature”. We can’t live in the state nature because of the equal of needs for the humans, scarcity of all resources, the essential equality of human power and limited altruism. So he said the state of nature will like “constant state of war” and it will keep continuing. To escape from the state of nature, we must find a way to work together and for that people must agree on rules to govern their interactions. According to Hobbes, such agreements is called Social Contract.
The Prisoner’s Dilemma
Two members of a criminal gang are arrested and imprisoned. Each prisoner is held in different prisons which means both of them can’t communicate with each other. The police offer each prisoner a deal. If he testifies against his partner, he will go free while the partner will get ten years in prison. If both prisoners testify against each other, both will be sentenced to 5 years in jail and if both prisoners don’t testify each other, both will be sentenced ...


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...ia, British rules were not benefiting the people in India and in America only a certain group enjoying all benefit and other groups were not getting any benefits.
Difficulties for the Social Contract Theory
The Social Contract Theory is based on historical fiction. We don’t know how this social contract was made in first place, in what situation and there are no signed agreements that we will obey everything inside the Social Contract Theory. Some groups like infant humans, nonhuman animals, and future generations cannot benefit us. They are not getting any benefits so it’s like they are out of social contract so is it okay to torture an infant or an animal? And also, why we need to keep all our earth for future generations? There are not getting any benefits from us and we don’t get any benefit from them. The Social contract Theory could not answer these questions.

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