Social Contract consists in the set of rules, governing how people are to treat another, for their mutual benefits, on the condition that others follow those rules as well. The best example of the social contract is the laws and the governments.
The idea of a Social Contract
People always used to think why we have laws and governments and from where we get the idea of forming laws and governments, similarly from where we get the idea of a social contract? Hobbes’s argument and the prisoner’s dilemma are the two ways of arriving at the social contract theory.
Thomas Hobbes, the foremost British philosopher said that if we don’t have any laws or governments, we can do whatever we want and it will be like “the state of nature”. We can’t live in the state nature because of the equal of needs for the humans, scarcity of all resources, the essential equality of human power and limited altruism. So he said the state of nature will like “constant state of war” and it will keep continuing. To escape from the state of nature, we must find a way to work together and for that people must agree on rules to govern their interactions. According to Hobbes, such agreements is called Social Contract.
The Prisoner’s Dilemma
Two members of a criminal gang are arrested and imprisoned. Each prisoner is held in different prisons which means both of them can’t communicate with each other. The police offer each prisoner a deal. If he testifies against his partner, he will go free while the partner will get ten years in prison. If both prisoners testify against each other, both will be sentenced to 5 years in jail and if both prisoners don’t testify each other, both will be sentenced ...
... middle of paper ...
...ia, British rules were not benefiting the people in India and in America only a certain group enjoying all benefit and other groups were not getting any benefits.
Difficulties for the Social Contract Theory
The Social Contract Theory is based on historical fiction. We don’t know how this social contract was made in first place, in what situation and there are no signed agreements that we will obey everything inside the Social Contract Theory. Some groups like infant humans, nonhuman animals, and future generations cannot benefit us. They are not getting any benefits so it’s like they are out of social contract so is it okay to torture an infant or an animal? And also, why we need to keep all our earth for future generations? There are not getting any benefits from us and we don’t get any benefit from them. The Social contract Theory could not answer these questions.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Normative ethics are those ethical principles and values that are considered morally correct and express principles of good character, actions that are viewed as right rather than wrong and are commonly accepted and reasonable. The prompt in this assignment refers to the requirement of “the existence of normative” requiring the practice of normative ethics in how individuals and society determine what moral and ethical act or action is correct and acceptable. Normative ethics embraces the philosophical theory of a normal sense of morals and principles that would be proper and acknowledged as positive and good.... [tags: ethical principles. morality, morals]
1453 words (4.2 pages)
- In The Social Contract, or Principles of Political Rights, by Jean Jacques Rousseau touches upon how the role of political power plays into everyday life in the eighteenth century. Through the reading he touches upon the functions of intelligent thinking and how citizens create an unwritten contract in order to create a better society. Jean Jacques Rousseau is one of the many enlightenment thinkers of this time and he is one of the few to relied on women to better understand what he was trying to say.... [tags: Age of Enlightenment, Jean-Jacques Rousseau]
1112 words (3.2 pages)
- The following report takes into consideration two recent cybercrimes for the purpose of analyzing what cybercrime is and who is responsible for it. The opinions of Joseph Migga Kizza and Lawrence Lessig will be evaluated as they relate to the two cybercrimes. As part of the analysis, the underlying assumptions and the practical implications of the two authors will be considered. Two Recent Cybercrimes With the popularity of the social media site Twitter, single letter handles are rare. Naoki Hiroshima was the owner of one of those rare handles, @N.... [tags: social media, moral, ethical]
784 words (2.2 pages)
- Introduction Often times we are faced with situations where it is hard to distinguish between right and wrong. . In this paper, we present what constitutes an ethical behavior in the workplace, and then an example of an unethical behavior – resume fraud - is introduced and discussed. The implication of this behavior is also discussed in this paper. Ethical Behavior Ethical behavior is the questioning one’s thoughts before acting or making a decision on an issue where the right answer is not clear as the sun.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Employment, Philosophy]
716 words (2 pages)
- Pettersen (2011) the autonomous relation a father would have with their child. The ethics of care would define self through interpersonal relations rather than autonomous interactions. Pettersen (2011) broadens the concept of care as an ethical theory, as having the capability to alter the approach of how personal and professional conduct is valued. The author takes a global view with the suggestion that public policy, international relations, and world issues can be assessed through the lens of care.... [tags: Justice, Ethics, John Rawls, A Theory of Justice]
703 words (2 pages)
- A system of rules organized an association of people to establish a society. These rules enhance the lives of people to get organized and progress. One of the rules is the rule of conduct which ought the people to do or ought not to do depends on the situation. These rules constitute a phenomenon of Morality. The philosophical study of morality is an ethics which are rational and systematic analysis of conduct that can be a source of benefit or harm to other people. The predominant focus of an ethics is based on the voluntary and moral choices of the people.... [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Utilitarianism, Morality]
1964 words (5.6 pages)
- What would the criminal justice system be without punishment. Perhaps, the criminal justice system would not serve a function or cease to exist. Punishment is one of the main facets of the criminal justice system. It holds such significance that it even reflects the beliefs and values of a particular society. Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) once said “The degree of civilization in a society can be judged by entering its prisons.” (Pollock, 2010: 315). Punishment has been around since the beginning of civilization.... [tags: Criminal Justice System, Punishment]
2126 words (6.1 pages)
- Managers of today’s businesses face many different issues that are drastically different from the working environment even just 20 years ago. The 21st century is full of many dilemmas that managers will face and continue to ensure as time goes on. With the rapid availability of personal electronics and social media, managers have many issues of ethics related to these two fields. This is genuinely unique 21st century issue and since they are still new, managers are still coming up with creative ways to combat the problems that they face related to personal electronics and social media in terms of information spillage.... [tags: Ethics, Employment, Business ethics]
1200 words (3.4 pages)
- “Each year, just three diseases kill 5.4 million people worldwide. Malaria kills at least one million, mainly in developing countries, with 90% of the deaths in Africa. Tuberculosis causes 1.9 million deaths a year, almost all of them in developing countries, where resistance to the five major anti-tubercular drugs is spreading. Some 400,000 of the tuberculosis victims are also HIV positive. The yearly death toll for HIV/Aids is almost 2.5 million, with about 1.8 million concentrated in the Sub-Saharan Africa” The Times Higher 20/07/01 Assess the responsibilities of the pharmaceutical companies for providing low cost drugs to the poor people in the developing... [tags: Social Responsibility Essays]
2477 words (7.1 pages)
- Organ Transplantation and Ethical Considerations In February 2003, 17-year-old Jesica Santillan received a heart-lung transplant at Duke University Hospital that went badly awry because, by mistake, doctors used donor organs from a patient with a different blood type. The botched operation and subsequent unsuccessful retransplant opened a discussion in the media, in internet chat rooms, and in ethicists' circles regarding how we, in the United States, allocate the scarce commodity of organs for transplant.... [tags: Medicine Medical]
2780 words (7.9 pages)
- A Strong Bond Of Friendship Will Last Forever
- Syncretism : The Link Between Judaism And Buddhism
- Planning And Preparation Of A Teaching Assistant
- The Sunflower : On The Possibilities And Limits Of Forgiveness
- Plato 's The Apology Essay
- Socrates And Plato The Simple Question Of Whether Virtue Can Be Taught