In becoming a public administrator one will face a number of issues. Some of these issues will entail confronting ethical matters. In this paper, the following decision making models are discussed; Werhane, Greenleaf, Rest, Nash, Markkula, and Badaracco. These models are explained, compared, and contrasted. Additionally, their strengths and weaknesses are identified. The end product in this assignment is the creation of my own ethical decision making model influence by the six models studied in this paper.
Ethical Decision Making Models
The Werhane Model relies on the concept of moral imagination. Moral imagination has three components. The first is Reproductive Imagination. Reproductive Imagination is having a sense of awareness of one’s surroundings, the “schemas [that] are operat[ing]” and recognizing the ethical issues at hand (Week 6, 2016). The second part of the model is Productive Imagination. During Productive Imagination, the individual sees the issue from different lenses and changes “one’s current schemas” as new perspectives become available (Week 6, 2016). Lastly, creative imagination entails constructing a new solution that is “justified by outsiders” (Week 6, 2016).
The Markkula Model consists of ten questions. The first two questions push an individual to identify whether or not there’s an ethical issue at hand (Week 10, 2016). The following three questions involve gathering relevant facts, listing the individuals or groups that have a stake in the decision, and obtaining input from them when making a decision. The preceeding question asks the individual to analyze alternative decisions. Afterwards, the individual considers all the options they have and select a decision that will best ...
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...causing the problem, they are better able to address the situation. If the problem and its root cause are not define correctly the next steps of the model are in vain in solving the ethical dilemma.
The final steps of the model include consequences, reflecting on one’s core values, and executing a decision. Bringing into the conversation individuals that are most affected by the decision made can shed light to new courses of action. Furthermore, acknowledging the consequences a decision can aid to plan for ways in minimizing any negative impact. The next steps involve an individual to assess whether the final decision aligns with their core values. Doing so, encourages the individual to follow through with their decision. Lastly, producing a plan and placing benchmarks that will assess progress of goals and outcomes will reinforce putting into effect a decision.
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