In health care there is a fine line between what is ethical and what is not. As time goes on this line becomes thinner and thinner. In the article The Moral Case For The Clinical Placebo, Azgad Gold and Pesach Lichtenberg are two researchers that argue that there are exceptions to this fine line when talking about placebos. They specifically argue, “The intentional use of the placebo, in certain circumstances and under several conditions, can be justified.”1 The placebo is rapidly becoming a problem because it is now a commonly prescribed drug and many people have different ethical views on the topic.
Gold and Lichtenberg believe that the placebo is effective and should be used in certain cases and under specific circumstances. They say that the placebo may be more effective in a clinical setting rather then in a research setting.1 It has also been proven that if a patient knows about the placebo they are less likely to show improvement in their health. This is why full disclosure is not always possible. This also means that the patient has to form some type of trust in the physician and believe that the physician is there to help them get better. Trust between the patient and the physician is what makes the placebo effect possible. Both of these researchers believe that it is ethically acceptable to use the placebo because in most cases it can be morally justified; meaning that the placebos can be used because, in the end, it is for the benefit of the patient and not the physician.
Many argue against Gold and Lichtenberg’s beliefs. Others believe that giving the patient a placebo is denying them of a “real” treatment and that it “is unethical, if not illegal.”1 Many people also believe tha...
... middle of paper ...
...ebo can be morally justified in many circumstances. There is now a rough guideline that physicians must follow that help balance out all the conflicts that arise when discussing the placebo. The prescription of the placebo must help improve the patient’s health in the end otherwise the patient must not take it. The placebo also cannot be presented in a false manner to the patient. There does not have to be full disclosure under certain circumstances. Paternalism is also allowed under certain conditions. Both Gold and Lichtenberg argue with evidence and research reasons why the placebo is morally justified in certain situations.
1.) Gold A. and Lichtenberg P. The Moral Case for the Clinical Placebo, 219-224.
Azgad Gold and Pesach Lichenberg, “The Moral Case for the Clinical Placebo,” J Med Ethics 40 (2014): 219-224.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Placebos, (Latin for “I shall please”), have been around since medieval times to treat a variety of ailments. Currently, researchers are using them to examine what effects they will have on the general population, and physicians are prescribing them. Any alteration in a person’s condition derived after receiving a placebo is labeled a placebo effect. There is no debate as to whether the placebo effect is genuine; the dispute lies in what mechanisms cause it to occur. According to Klinger, Soost, Flor and Worm (2007), many mechanisms have been explored, but it remains unclear as to which one fully explains the placebo effect.... [tags: psychological effects on the body]
1357 words (3.9 pages)
- ... This change in the quality of gasoline blends has proven to be more cost effective to producers, but in the long run it will end up being more costly to consumers. Tom Taylor states that, “AAA automotive engineering experts have reviewed the available research and believe that’s sustained use of E15 in both new and older vehicles could result in significant problems such as accelerated engine wear and failure”(1). It is irresponsible for the government to approve these changes knowing the negative effects this gasoline will have on consumers.... [tags: government, consumer, industry]
628 words (1.8 pages)
- The debate on Medical marijuana has been a controversial subject mainly because people have an abundance of opinions and very little scientific research to back up either side of the debate. The most important question here is “will medical marijuana be used for medical purposes or will it be used inappropriately?” Unlike a person who uses marijuana for medicine or entertainment, some people use marijuana as a means for income. Honestly marijuana sales is a very profitable business but the problem is that there is still a numerous amount of people who sell marijuana illegally.... [tags: medicine, entertaintment, social use]
857 words (2.4 pages)
- Dax Cowart was hospitalized after a gas explosion engulfed his car because he suffered stern burns. He was “burned so severely and [was] in so much pain that [he] did not want to live even the early moments following the explosion.” He repeatedly asked his doctors and family to end his agony. Dianne Pretty had a motor neuron disease that instigates a painful death. She wanted to have “a quick death without suffering, at home surrounded by [her] family.” 85-year old Mary Ormerod was starved of nutrients after she went into a coma.... [tags: Moral Issues]
1427 words (4.1 pages)
- The documented use of placebos on patients goes as far back as 1580 (Placebo Effect 58) and as the use of placebos on patients spreads more and more, a question arises. That question is whether or not the use of placebos on patients without obtaining their consent is an acceptable practice in medicine. The answer is that placebos should be used on patients without their consent. This will be argued by explaining why certain people think that placebos are unethical, why are placebos safe, and by comparing them with other forms of medicine.... [tags: medicine, endorphins, patients, ethics]
892 words (2.5 pages)
- In recent discussions of genetic engineering, a controversial issue has been whether genetic engineering is ethical or not. In “The Person, the Soul, and Genetic Engineering,” JC Polkinghorne discusses about the moral status of the very early embryo and therapeutic cloning. J. H. Brooke’s article “Commentary on: The Person, the Soul, and Genetic Engineering” comments and state opinions that counter Polkinghorne’s article. On the other hand John Harris’s ““Goodbye Dolly?” The Ethics of Human Cloning” examines “the possible uses and abuses of human cloning and draw out the principal ethical dimensions, both of what might be done and its meaning, and of public and official response” (353).... [tags: Ethical Dilemma, Embryos With Dignity]
1403 words (4 pages)
- Mandatory Influenza Vaccinations for healthcare providers can be a controversial topic for some and may propose a challenge to some provider’s ethical values and beliefs. The topic of mandatory vaccination for influenza (“flu”) has been widely studied and debated among professionals over several years. It is apparent that there is some movement towards a mandatory vaccination for influenza by healthcare institutions as the benefit out weighs the risk on several fronts. “Influenza infection is associated with 36,000 excess deaths and > 200,000 hospitalizations in the United States annually.... [tags: Healthcare, Ethical Values, Beliefs]
1986 words (5.7 pages)
- The Ethical Debate on Cloning In the article, “ Biotechnology, Ethics and the Politics of Cloning, ” the authors, Steven Best and Douglas Kellner describe the advantages and disadvantages of cloning and discuss the ethical issues related to cloning. They give various examples and judge them from different perspectives. They believe that the entire realm of biotechnology is fraught with dangers and problems that require careful study and democratic debate of key ethical issues. They too are of the opinion that in an era where everything depends on technology and where life can be created and redesigned in a Petri dish and genetic codes can be edited like a digital text, the distinct... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Argument Essays]
849 words (2.4 pages)
- The Ethical Debate Concerning Cloning In the year that has elapsed since the announcement of Dolly's birth, there has been much discussion of the ethical implications of cloning humans. Although the simple use of the word "clone" may have negative connotations, many people have resigned themselves to the idea of cloning cows that produce more milk or using a cloned mouse for use in controlled experimentation. However, the idea of cloning humans is a highly charged topic.... [tags: Papers]
6327 words (18.1 pages)
- Placebos: Can a Sugar Pill Cure. Placebo: the word is Latin for "I will please." Originally it started the Vespers for the dead, often sung by hired mourners, and eventually "to sing placebos" came to mean to flatter or placate (1). Later, the term was used for any kind of quack medicine. Today, it is a medicine that has no value in itself, but improves a patient's condition because the patient believes it to be potent. Belief in a swallowed sugar pill or saline injection has been shown to produce real reactions.... [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
859 words (2.5 pages)