Human society has been utilizing the limited inventory of fossil fuel for approximately 100 years. Due to its limited stock and availability a continuous search for alternative sources of fuel has proposed several alternatives to consider. Some of the alternative method includes rechargeable battery, fuel cell, alcohol based fuel, etc. There are two major types of alcohol that has been used as fuel. These are Methanol and Ethanol. Five to ten percent of methanol has been blended previously with the gasoline in the United States. Now the federal government of the United States of America has mandated to mix 10% of ethanol to be mixed with gasoline to sell as transportation fuel for most of the country.
Ethyl alcohol also known as ethanol is a volatile chemical substance produced by fermenting or petrochemical process. This is colorless liquid also known as a recreational drug consumed by human known as beer, alcohol, wine, hard liquor, etc. This form of alcohol has been used as a recreational drug for very long time in human society. It is also possible to apply this same alcohol as fuel in internal combustion engine to empower the automobile.
Ethanol is being used as fuel additive in different countries. South American country, Brazil is the one of the largest ethanol producers in the world. Brazil is using 25% ethanol blended with gasoline for motor fuel use. In the United States 95% of pump fuel are mixed with ethanol. The percentage varies from 5 to 10 percent. Most gasoline powered automobile engines are capable of running up to 10% ethanol blended fuel. There are other blends available than 10% to be sold as pump fuel. E15 and E85 are two other blends also available in some pumps. The flex...
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...untries Are the Main Ethanol Producers? (with pictures). Retrieved February 13, 2014, from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-countries-are-the-main-ethanol-producers.htm
Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) (n.d.). E15 Retailer Handbook. Retrieved February 11, 2014, from http://ethanolrfa.3cdn.net/643f311e9180a7b1a8_wwm6iuulj.pdf
Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) (2014, January 30). Flex-Fuel Vehicle Makes and Models | RFA: Renewable Fuels Association. Retrieved February 10, 2014, from http://www.ethanolrfa.org/news/entry/flex-fuel-vehicle-makes-and-models/
Renewable Fuels Association (n.d.). How Ethanol is Made | RFA: Renewable Fuels Association. Retrieved February 12, 2014, from http://www.ethanolrfa.org/pages/how-ethanol-is-made
Wikipedia (n.d.). Ethanol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved February 12, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethanol#Motor_fuel
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