The first step in successful instruction is a review of previous lessons. This review should include knowledge that is relevant to the new skill. Reviewing previous material verifies that all students have mastered the skills that they need to possess in order to be successful in learning a new skill. A review should be straightforward. A majority of the time the review is embedded in homework that is then gone over at this time. This not only provides the teacher with proof of mastery from the students, but also provides feedback to the students in a timely manner. The review is essential to instruction because without it there would be a decrease in academic learning time and will result in a reduction of content coverage and high levels of success. The teacher would proceed with the lesson only to realize that the students are unable to learn the new skill due to a high frequency of errors.
After reviewing prerequisite skills, the second essential element of instruction is the presentation of the new material. Stating the lesson goals to the students at the beginning of this step provides a clear idea of what is to be learned, how it is to be learned, and why it is to be learned in this lesson. After stating the goals ...
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...at the students have an understanding of the concept as well as high rates of accuracy.
The fifth and final essential element of instruction is regular reviews. At the end of the lesson, the teacher can give a quick synopsis of what was learned, preview what is to be learned next, and to assign independent work if appropriate. It is necessary to then review the learned skill on a weekly and monthly basis to ensure that the skill is still fresh and relevant. If the skill is kept in practice it will be easier for the students to recall the information at a later time and therefore, cut down on time needed for the initial review.
These six essential elements of instruction are key to students learning and retaining important concepts for their education. The teacher has the responsibility to know these components and how to implement them appropriately.
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