We continue to support and maintain these social norms through deliberated and non deliberated ways, forced servitude and the advancement of racial legislation fostered racism in the United States. The most intellectuals of their time, contemplated to the degree of what the New Worlds people were considered to be human. Some Europeans had hope for Natives and possible guidance, but it became evident, that profit and status were more viable entities than any sort of human decency or equality. As minorities began to unify and protest discrimination, legislation was built off of Anglo-Saxon domination and ideologies, only to continue to delay the growth of colored people. Laws like the Chinese Exclusion Act, Separate but Equal, and Jim Crow Laws are just a few examples of such legislation inflicted upon colored groups in America.
Discouraging images became a part of the accepted society, but were also implanted in the educational and scientific institutions of the United States. The initial founders of ethnic studies set out to discredit bogus theories and propaganda about African-Americans. The civil rights movement challenged the political and cultural authority of white America and confronted educational institutions that discriminated and demoralized African-Americans because of their race. As warriors of this cause, they were adamant about institutional equality, the end of discriminatory practices, and curriculum reform. The civil rights movement was very successful in demanding the Federal Government to change their outlook on education for African-Americans... ... middle of paper ... ...ralism' In How Americans View the Past and the Future, 2011).
There is a system of advantages and disadvantages that operates American Society with the White community on top of minorities. In the Newspaper, “Blacks Remain Victims of Racist Stereotypes: Minority Report” James E. Alsbrook describes how slavery diminished the view African Americans and brought many disadvantages to them. Paul Laurence Dunbar was an African American writer who was looked upon because he was not white. Alsbrook sees unnatural for African Americans to mistreat through the ideals of white supremacy. In the article, “Nature and Environmental Justice” Mei Mei Evans believes that white supremacy had a large impact in what is natural in society.
Affirmative Action Few social policy issues have served as a better gauge of racial and ethnic divisions among the American people than affirmative action. Affirmative action is a term referring to laws and social policies intended to alleviate discrimination that limits opportunities for a variety of groups in various social institutions. Supporters and opponents of affirmative action are passionate about their beliefs, and attack the opposing viewpoints relentlessly. Advocates believe it overcomes discrimination, gives qualified minorities a chance to compete on equal footing with whites, and provides them with the same opportunities. Opponents charge that affirmative action places unskilled minorities in positions they are not qualified for and violates the Fourteenth Amendment.
The United States have created policies in which it targets minority groups, but especially African Americans. Throughout the history of our nation, our government has an inferior complex of blacks in fear of rebellion from the lower to middle social classes. History tells us that people are willing to unite for a cause regardless of racial differences. Mass incarceration is a product of the Jim Crow Laws that plagued this nation after the civil war. The effects of being labeled a convicted felon is similar to the era before the civil rights laws were passed.
Has this happened? The simple answer is “No”, but a more precise answer requires more elaboration. Richard Rodriguez, the Mexican-American author of Hunger of Memory and a direct beneficiary of early affirmative action policies, puts it this way, “I think – as I thought in 1967 – that the black civil rights leaders were correct: Higher education was not, nor is it yet, accessible to many black Americans” (Rodriguez 144). In 1967, civil rights leaders of all types began to pressure universities and colleges all over the United States to admit more minority students and hire more minority teachers. They claimed that racial bias was the nefarious culprit responsible for the low numbers of non-white students and teachers at these institutions and that these low numbers were unrepresentative of the surrounding populations.
Affirmative action policies were instituted not only to ensure diversity, but to right the wrong of decades of discrimination and to help minorities by giving them extra opportunities (Messerli). The policies were created after the Civil War when slavery was finally abolished. The term was first mentioned by President Kenne... ... middle of paper ... ...prejudice when it’s truly all in their head and the only ones stopping them are themselves. Racial prejudice is not what’s stopping blacks from thriving, it’s a multitude of things that African Americans bring on themselves. According to Charles Canady, crime, substandard academic performance, and out-of-wedlock births stand in the way of progress.
The United States proudly claims to be post-racial America, but it is not even close. Although, actions have been made towards racial equality in the country such as the establishment of the Thirteenth Amendment, the abolition of Jim Crow laws, and the Civil Rights Act. However, this post-racial concept is a mythical idea created to devalue the nation’s ongoing racial disparities. Racism exists immensely within the U.S. and has a detrimental impact specifically on African Americans in different ways. To continuously decrease the negative effects of racism on African Americans, the government should provide reparations for the descendants of slaves living in America, make African Americans studies mandatory in schools, and fine institutions
Historically, Black groups and leaders have advocated many philosophies that hope to achieve equality. This was the case during two very important times in history, Reconstruction and the 1960s. The first articulated philosophies as means to achieve equality; the second implemented these ideas with great success. Immediately following the Civil War, during Reconstruction, much of the White power structure was overtly racist and angry. Booker T. Washington enco... ... middle of paper ... ...d today.
Berkeley: University of California press, 1995. 5. Hoffman, Abraham. Unwanted Mexican Americans in the Great Depression: Repatriation Pressures 1929-1939. Tuscon: University of Arizona press, 1974.