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Today I will be answering the question, Japanese whaling is a controversial policy issue which involves both domestic and foreign policy. What factors have influenced the response of the Australian Government to continued Japanese whaling in the Southern Ocean? As of the 1st of April this year, The International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled Japan must immediately stop its whaling program in the southern ocean because it was discovered that the Japanese were not using it for scientific purposes Australia has agreed with this edict and also agreed with anti-whaling stance from domestic pressure and also international pressure from the UN, societal pressure is a large part of this decision, however theres more specific reasons to why Australia disagrees with japans ideals. These two nations are on polar opposite ends of the spectrum when it comes to whaling policies, while japan have always and obviously been pro-whaling since its fruition for the last 20 or so years Australia has voiced distain for this obscene endeavour. The catching and counting of whaling has been measured since its signing in 1946 on the 2nd of December, with the creation of the international whaling commission (IWC). In 1982 the IWC adopted a moratorium or a suspension in an activity, as it stands Russia and japan oppose this, along with a substantial amount of other nations. As of 1994 the southern ocean sanctuary was formed, obtaining 50 million square kilometres, girting the continent of Antarctica, the Indian ocean was also designated a sanctuary of late. The IWC has non-zero whaling quotas for artisan or subsistence fisherman mainly aboriginal whaling which is passed down as tradition, other than that it’s disallowed, with the ‘unwilling exception’ of ... ... middle of paper ... ...ferences in whaling policies comes down to the differences in political structure, potential profit and cultural influences. Australia’s political structure makes it harder to get something like this through, however with no potential profit it is more beneficial to put on the save the whales face for international purposes. Environmental government policies were earlier reactive, unsystematic and tactical. It was also seen as a discrete unit, which was usually taken care by a specialised agency such as the environmental ministry. One of the biggest reasons was that economic growth was often taking the priority in governmental policy hierarchy, leaving environmental interests outside (Carter 2007: 181-182). This is still the issue to date. Class question: If Australia did have a larger market for whale produce, would the government become pro-whaling once again?

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