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welfare state

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1832 words
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WELFARE STATE

The term was firstly used by Pontiff Temple in 1941. However, some other

authors emphasize that it was firstly used in 1934 by Alfred Zimmern who is

from Oxford, besides that, it became even more popular thanks to the ‘’Citizen

and Churchman’’ book, written in 1940. Nevertheless, its widespread in

literature occurred by Beceridge Report in 1942. It is seen that before and most

of 20th century, ‘’welfare’’ and ‘’state’’ terms aren’t used together. It is only

between the years of 1945 and 1980 that these two words have a strong

relationship. During that period, the statement of ‘’welfare state’’ became a

common idiom in politics and citizen language.

Therefore, the statement of ‘’welfare state’’, which became widespread in

1930’s and 1940’s, can be accepted as a new term as it is a new term that belongs

to recent times. Welfare state notion has a relative meaning and when

economical, political and cultural legacy and historical developments are taken

into consideration, it can be interpreted in different ways. Indeed, almost every

state and each person interprets welfare state in different ways. Welfare state

notions generally focus on how and why a state interferes in economy and its

citizens’ welfare.

Another start point accepted for modern welfare state is the social insurance

application that was brought by Bismark in 1883 for the first time. Before these,

there had been a number of laws for the poor people but these aren’t generally

accepted as a start for welfare state. When we have a look at the countries that

welfare state was born, we can see that welfare state implementations started in

19th century, Germany and then spread to North America and ...

... middle of paper ...

...al development of social welfare can be shortly

summarized as stated below.

• Firstly, it can be seen that residual welfare approach left its place to institutional approach.

• Second, social welfare became more than services done by charity emotions, it turned into a human right coming from being a citizen.

• Third, it had been a service concept for the poor in the past but then it had a global shape to meet the needs of all of population.

• Fourth, to reinforce human source potential, wide welfare spending was passed from narrow welfare budget.

• Fifth, the reasons of unemployment used to be thought as personal error and lacks, but then it started to be thought that unemployment is reasoned by state and institutions’ inefficient conditions.

• The final one is, the responsibility of providing social welfare moved to public from person and institutions.

In this essay, the author

  • Opines that the 1930s and 1940s, can be accepted as a new term as it belongs.
  • Analyzes espingandersen, gsta, and luis moreno's social exchange and welfare development.
  • Explains that welfare state is the state that tries to keep the balance.
  • Explains that social law state is defined in one of the judgments made in 1985.
  • Describes the requirements for private enterprises to work in a secure and consistent way.
  • Explains that income in a fair and equal way, and protects the workers by taking social and economic measures.
  • Opines that state should be a state, despite the fact that they all carry the same aim.
  • Explains that the player state is becoming more and more ‘’player state’’ with each passing passing event.
  • Opines that state wouldn't be passive for the topic of freedoms and on.
  • Opines that when we look at the histories of both systems, it is seen that neither system has a history.
  • Describes the negative sides of welfare state and welfare as a third exit way.
  • Explains that market is bulky state as not any minimal state can be.
  • Explains that almost %60 of civil spending is used by welfare states.
  • Explains that residual welfare approach left its place to institutional approach.
  • Explains that social welfare became more than services done by charity emotions, it turned into a human right coming from being citizen.
  • Explains that it had been a service concept for the poor in the past but then had global shape to meet the needs of all of population.
  • Explains that wide welfare spending was passed from narrow welfare budget to reinforce human source potential.
  • Explains that unemployment is caused by state and institutions' inefficient conditions.
  • Explains that the responsibility of providing social welfare moved to the public from person and institutions.
  • Opines that laws for the poor aren't generally accepted as a start for welfare state.
  • Explains that state is a sort of state in which organized public power is used consciously in order to decrease the roles of market powers.
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