He essentially became the absolute ruler of Iran in little time. After the Shah’s rise to power, the Iranian g... ... middle of paper ... ... repercussions. In not fully considering the long term consequences, the United States were caught red handed in meddling with foreign affairs. The hostage crisis was the aftermath of America’s involvement. In becoming too involved, the United States now had to face Iran’s chaos.
(Document D) The hatred of the United States remained even after the death of Khomeini with radical Islamics declaring war on the west in the form of terrorism. (Prior Knowledge) The Revolution in Iran has had far reaching consequences in the Middle East and affects the political and cultural world as a whole. The war on terror has become a major component of the military efforts of the United States. The westernization of Iran and the large presence of American advisors during the reign of the Shah caused a religious backlash that changed the face of the government of Iran. It essentially became a religious dictatorship that opposed all things American.
The formation of the Arab league complicated the association of the Zionist nation with the Arab countries (Shiam). This aspect played critical role in defining the interests Israel and Syria in the Lebanese war. In a bid to explain the role of Saddam Hussein in ending the Lebanese civil war that began in 1975 to 1990, this research will explore the role of Lebanese consociationalism political system, the external involvement and interest of nations such as Israel, Iran, and Syria. The interplay between power seekers permeated a room for the civil conflict as opposed to creating political stability in the country. Iraq, under the leadership of President Saddam sought to exercise greater control in the Middle East, an aspect that predisposed it to conflict with its neighbors (Burns 127).
The Islamic revolution in 1979 resulted in the collapse of the secular regime of the Pahlavi dynasty ruled by Muhammad Reza Shah in favour of an Islamic republic under the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini. The revolution came about due to multiple internal and external social and political factors that mobilised the Iranian people. This essay will discuss the ways in which the people of Iran were discontented by the oppressive regime of the Shah and its various economic failures, the government’s programme of secularization and Westernisation and its close relationship with the United States, and how the views of Arabs internationally and in the Middle East affected the revival of Islamism in Iran. Mohammed Reza Shah’s oppressive regime motivated many people to protest against the social injustices carried out by the state. The government was wasteful, elitist and corrupt, and the people of Iran recognised it as such.
By discussing the history of Iran, the Anglo-Iranian oil company, and Document NSC-68 I will try to prove once and for all that going through with the coup in Iran was a terrible mistake made by the United States. There were many aspects concerning the history of Iran that showed that the coup was a bad idea. The role of religion played a very influential part in the history of Iran. Many people living in Iran still to this day believe in the Zoroastrian religion. The beliefs associated with this religion may account for many of the uprisings and political protests aimed at the Shah and his power.
Throughout the entire 20th century many revolutions took place. Countries divided by politics, land, resources, and religion fought hard to reconcile these things. Both religion and resources played an especially important role in the Middle Eastern revolutions. The Iranian Revolution of 1979, sometimes called the Islamic Revolution, was one of them that shook the Muslim world of the Middle East. Happening just before the Iran-Iraq war, the revolution resulted in the revolutionaries establishing a theocratic republic based on the Kuran.
Background: Officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, this country has a rich cultural history stretching all the way back to the ancient Persian Empires. Its centralized location in the Middle East and religious influence among Shia Muslims make it a competitor as the dominant cultural and political power in the region. The 1979 Iranian revolution overthrew the pro-western monarchy and replaced him with religious leaders and anti-Western politicians as the principal elements of its government. During the turmoil of the revolution, Iran’s neighbor Iraq invaded the country attempting to capitalize on the chaotic situation. This led to a costly, eight-year war whose effects still have bearing on Iran’s current political and economic situation (BBC, Iran Profile, 2013).
The emergence of the Islamic Republic in late 1970’s Iran demonstrates how middle class Iranian people purged themselves of the Pahlavi Dynasty in an effort to continue down a more righteous and egalitarian path. As a result, the country underwent a complete social upheaval and in its place grew an overtly oppressive regime based in theoretical omnipotence. In response to this regime, the very structure of political and social life was shaken and fundamentally transformed as religion and politics became inexorable. As a result, gender roles and the battle between public and private life were redrawn. Using various primary and secondary sources I will show how the Revolution shaped secular middle class Iranians.
The SAVAK became a powerful force that provoked fear and allowed the shah to dominate Iran. Mohammad's strict rule suppressed political and socials freedoms and emphasized the nation's social inequality. Many Iranians wished for a return to peace, equality, and justice, which they found in their own Islamic religion, an eventual cause of the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
There is a huge difference between an unsuccessful revolution in which the beginners of the revolution are diminished and their demands not met. But when it is look at, the Iranian Revolution is seen as successful revolution in which all the needs of fight... ... middle of paper ... ...that Western nations controlled Iranian resources and the shah, while Western culture undermined Iran and Islam from within. (January 18). Reza’s downfall was his support for the German enemies in World War II, Great Britain and the Soviet Union sent troops into Iran. They forced Reza to flee the country, in his place his 22-year-old son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi took control.