They were the first African American pilots to shoot down German jets on a mission. They earned Distinguished Unit Citation of the war because of their heroism that contributed to the 332nd Fighter Group's. James T. Wiley was apart of the Tuskegee Airman and talks about his experiences. When he was younger he wanted to fly an airplane. "All the leadership was strong, and the men were a good bunch of superior guys with high morale" (Wiley) Bledsoe, Helen Wieman.James T Wiley has had many experiences, for example his mission in India.
The Japanese goal was to destroy the ships on Battleship Row and the airplanes on the ground at the Naval Air Station, Wheeler, and Hickam Airfields. Because it was a Sunday morning, most of the 780 antiaircraft guns were not manned. Many military personnel were on shore for the weekend and hundreds of others were still asleep on their ships. Did the U.S. Government know about the attack beforehand? Why were the warning signs not more deeply investigated?
Alan L. Gropman makes statements that the military desegregated itself, not for moral or political reasons but only to improve the military's effectiven... ... middle of paper ... ... down defending a country that looked at him as a second class citizen. He was from Detroit and Jefferson joined the Army Air Corps in 1941. Training at Tuskegee Alabama, becoming a 2nd lieutenant in 1942. He joined one of the most decorated fighting groups in the War, flying the P-51. Based out of Italy, Jefferson flew escort missions, over Europe before he was shot down in France in 1944.
The most famous squadron was the 332nd fighter squadron, they were commonly known as the Red Tails. Charles McGee was among those men apart of the Red Tail squadron. Charles McGee is one of most notable men in the Red Tails due to his accomplishments throughout the war. I will be explaining his life and all of his accomplishments throughout this paper on famous individuals in aviation. Before I get to the great life of Charles McGee, I will provided some background information on the Tuskegee Airmen.
It is no accident that General Spaatz is a proponent of a separate Air Force. Spaatz’s perseverance, leadership attributes and military knowledge would lead him to be a proponent of a separate Air Force were all being shaped, tweaked and instilled upon him during his early plebe years at the United States Military Academy (USMA) beginning in 1900. Looking back on Spaatz’s career at the USMA, one would not predict Spaatz to become the first Chief of Staff of the newly independent United States Air Force. However, these four years spent at the USMA were very influential, particularly in Spaatz’s development as a leader and his ability to persevere. While at the USMA Spaatz was very much a rebel and was constantly breaking the rules.
Jim Gordon, the leader of the Flying Tigers, was running short on pilots after the war had started so he began searching for new pilots. Blackie, one of the volunteers, wanted to be part of the Flying Tigers, but Jim didn't want Blackie. So his wife begged Jim to let Blackie into his group. One day during the Japanese bombing, Blackie's plane caught on fire. He jumped out attached to his parachute, but one of the Japanese planes saw him and shot him.
The lightning strike--a surprise so complete the Japanese did not have time to shoot back--damaged aircraft and refueling equipment on the ground and forestalled a night attack on the American amphibious force. because of their value as air bases. Battle of Empress Augusta Bay The evening of the landing, Army reconnaissance aircraft reported that a large Japanese surface force was heading for Bougainville. Task Force 39 intercepted it about 2:30 the following morning 45 miles west of Empress Augusta Bay. The American ships, executing maneuvers at breakneck speeds in the darkness to avoid Japanese long-range torpedoes, sank two enemy ships after three hours of heavy fire.
As the bombs, bullets, and torpedoes began to drop impacting vessels in the harbor, Soldiers of the American armed forces began to battle back. As the vessels and aircrafts began to fight, the Japanese began to fight harder. It was eminent that Japanese fighter pilots had no plan on returning from this mission, for the aircrafts soon began to shoot from the sky and set their point of impact on vessels. Along with numerous 550-pound general-purpose bombs, one of the most detrimental acts during this time was to our battle ships by the Japanese, was the 1,800-pound weapon that dropped from the clouds directly hitting one of the now famous American ships below, the USS Arizona. It slammed brutally through the deck and landed in the ammunition magazine were the ammunition is stored.
Just days after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Japan invaded two more significant stations in the Pacific Ocean. Many Americans were frustrated and discouraged because they thought the Japanese were impossible to defeat, but something surprising happened on April 18, 1942. Japan was attacked by the United States. The U.S. sent out sixteen B-25 bombers to attack... ... middle of paper ... ... world at this time, did not believe that the U.S. had a very strong military. A third effect the Battle of Midway had on World War II was that it stopped the Japanese from expanding their land.
They had the entire pacific naval fleet moored around Ford Island in the harbor and the aircraft were all squeezed onto small adjacent airfields, which made it ideal for the Japanese to make a surprise attack. But even with all these ideal conditions japan wanted to ensure they would achieve surprise. In an effort to do this, during their preparation and training the Japanese were ... ... middle of paper ... ... the Japanese home land to prove that they were in the war so he created the Doolittle raid. The USS Hornet arrived at Naval Air Station Alameda, California on 20 March 1942. With sixteen B-25 bomber planes.