urinary system

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INTRODUCTION
According to Stanfordchildrens.org (2014), the Urinary System, is a complex assembly of different organs that all together have the main function of excrete the waste from the bloodstream, regulate hormones that control other parts of the body and balance the water in the body. Urea is the name given to the waste obtained from the filtration of the blood. However, urine is the final product that is expelled from the body. The urinary system is the organism in charge to convert urea into urine. The urinary system is made of several parts that include two kidneys, two ureters, the bladder, the urethra and nephron. The malfunction of any part of the urinary system can lead with severe problems because of its importance in getting rid of the waste in our body.

Cystocele is a disease that causes the bladder to drop into the vagina. It occurs when both the woman’s bladder and the vagina lose their strength, and the bladder cannot stay in its proper place. The disease not only causes discomfort or pain. Due to the bladder is not on its correct position; it causes undesirable urine escape and incomplete emptying of the bladder. For women who suffer Cystocele, coughing, sneezing or laughing becomes a problem due to the urine leakage. The more common causes of Cystocele are giving birth, heavy lifting or going through menopause. There are three different levels of damage caused by the weakening of the wall between the bladder and the vagina (Cleveland Clinic 2007).
Glomerulonephritis is a disease that causes the inflammation of kidneys’ filters. The kidneys’ filters are in charge of remove the waste from the blood, and then excreted it as urine. Even though Glomerulonephritis can be caused by itself, diabetes and lupus can ...

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...n ones are a kidney biopsy, imagine test, blood test and kidney ultrasound. After getting a positive test for Glomerulonephritis, the adequate treatment has to be implemented. The treatment needed varies from person to person depending on the level of damage, cause of the disease and symptoms. When the patient presents hypertension, the whole treatment is focused on lowering the high blood pressure. If other disease causes Glomerulonephritis, also known as secondary Glomerulonephritis, the doctor should provide medication to control either lupus or diabetes. In severe cases, it is recommended to go trough dialysis not only to drain the excess liquid but also to low blood pressure. In addition to any treatment implemented, the patients have to modify their diets in order to keep their kidneys healthy for longer time and prevent any complications (Mayo Clinic 2014).

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