unit exam

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2. American culture in the 1920s America in the 1920’s was a time of great change for its citizens. As incomes and living standards rose, Americans were freely able to enjoy new forms technology and entertainment like never before. But there was also a battle for the moral soul of America brewing underneath. One of the last pushes of the progressive movement was the passing of the Eighteenth Amendment in 1919. It was supposed to be a measure to eliminate some of the vices in the American culture by making it illegal to manufacture, sell, or transport alcoholic beverages. Enforcement of the law however, was difficult and it faced opposition in many states and cities, especially northern cities. With law enforcement unable to fully enforce the law, bootleggers smuggled liquor from the West Indies and Canada, while speakeasies sprung up to provide alcohol illegally. Organized crime expanded to deal with the now lucrative business and they controlled the distribution of alcohol in major American cities, and gangsters such as Al Capone made a fortune while law enforcement officials often looked the other way. Prohibition fueled much debate within the United States until its repeal in 1933. The roaring twenties was also a restless culture. America’s youth rebelled against the restrictions of their past generations. The old-timers witnessed an erotic eruption as young people drank illegal liquor, danced sexually suggestive steps and explored the forbidden territory of each other’s bodies freely. The flapper was a symbol of the decade. It was the name given to women who appeared with higher hemlines, breasts taped flat, and crimson red lips. The social liberation of the youth came to be known as one of the most widely known symbol of the... ... middle of paper ... ...to the area not only full employment and cheap electric power, but low-cost housing, abundant cheap nitrates, and flood control. The area affected by the TVA was transformed into one of the most flourishing regions in the United States. The Fair Labor Standards Act was also passed in 1938. It established a minimum wage and maximum hour levels for industries that were involved in interstate commerce. It was a huge victory for the unions who had been fighting for these basic rights since the 19th Century. The standards set by this law are still used to this day. The most radical and controversial ideas of the New Deal was the Social Security Act of 1935. It provided federal-state unemployment insurance to cushion future depressions. Specified categories of retired workers received payments from Washington that were financed by a payroll tax on employers and employees.

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