The objective of this experiment was to identify a metal based on its specific heat using calorimetry. The unknown metals specific heat was measured in two different settings, room temperature water and cold water. Using two different temperatures of water would prove that the specific heat remained constant. The heated metal was placed into the two different water temperatures during two separate trials, and then the measurements were recorded. Through the measurements taken and plugged into the equation, two specific heats were found. Taking the two specific heats and averaging them, it was then that
Hess’s Law is also an important concept in this lab. It states that the enthalpy of a reaction is independent of the steps it takes to go from reactant to a product. It happens because enthalpy is a state function. A state function depends on the initial and final state but not the actual process. The Hess’s Law is used to calculate the heat formation of Magnesium Oxide. The amount of heat necessary to create one more mole of a substance is called the Enthalpy of Formation.
The purpose of this experiment is to try to find the original temperature of the hot water in the heater using the 60 degrees C thermometer. Use your 60°C thermometer, and any materials available in your laboratory, to determine the temperature of the water in the coffee pot. During this experiment we calculated the original temperature of a heater after it had been cooled down, and we did this by measuring hot, cold, and warm water, with a thermometer that had tape covering 60 degrees and up. When preformed each of these experiments with each temperature of water, plugging them into the equation (Delta)(Ti – hot – Tf) T Hot x Cp x Mass(Cold) = (Delta)(Tf – Ti – Cold) T Cold x Cp x Mass(Hot)(d
One of the most important things in caliometry is the caliometer. This is a device used to measure the quantity of heat in a reaction. There are many different types of caliometers, some are used to measure the heat capacity of materials, and others measure the aspects the heat generates by new or untested reactions, heat of combustion and burn rates. One type of caliometer is reaction caliometers. These measure heat energy released or absorbed during a reaction that occurs inside the caliometer. Bomb caliometer are used to measure heat of combustion of a particular reaction. Differential scanning caliometers heat flow into a sample is usually measured differentially. A popular caliometer used in biochemistry is called the isothermal titration caliometer. In this caliometer the heat of the reaction is used to follow a titration experiment. It is used in biochemistry because it t facilitates determination of substrate binding to enzymes. Other caliometers that are sometimes used are x-ray micocaliometer, and high-energy particle caliometer. These two caliometers are not as often used, but can still be included in the different types. It is apparent that there are many different types of caliometers and some are used more commonly than others
...particles could have been blown away while being transferred into the beaker. Also, reading the thermometer incorrectly could have resulted in experimental error. Recording the data collected at specific temperatures was a major part of the experiment to perform calculations to determine the enthalpy and entropy.
This lab has to do with enthalpy and calorimetry. Enthalpy is a measure of the amount of energy in a system, which is the part of the universe we are studying. Equation one is used to find enthalpy.
If the temperature had been increased in batches of 5oC it would have provided a greater range of results to work with, which would create a high level of data to work with when compiling the mean and plotting the graphs as evidence.
However, the increased temperature of the new acid solution was at a greater temperature than the ambient temperature and the temperature of the water. This suggests that some of the results obtained were partially due to the fact that some of the heat energy of the acid was transferred to the water, as well as the hydration of ions present in solution. An improvement would be to create the solutions of desired concentration and allow them to reach thermal equilibrium with the surroundings. This would allow more accurate results and the allow for the assumption that the temperature change observed during the experiment would only be due to hydration of
It is very useful especially when comparing different fuels and substances to see which ones release more energy when they are burned. This can be helpful in knowing, especially with all of the new vehicles and machinery being built, maybe they will find a better fuel through this method. When the fuel is burned, the temperature change is measured. They then simply take the amount of fuel that was burned and compare it to the change in temperature to calculate the enthalpy change for the reaction.6. Also, many fuels produce a higher heat then others, so obviously the higher heat producing fuel yields more products. More products means a better product for the dollar which is better economically for everyone.
A Utopian world is impossible to create because nature would not allow it. Shakespeare’s play shows that no matter how much language players and technology changes human nature overall is misinterpreted. In order to have a perfect world, we need conflicts to occur because imperfection is key to perfection. A Utopian society only revolves in a person's mind. A person might think of a Utopian Society to escape their situation but they do not look at the disadvantages, let us take killing, for example in a Utopian world, killing someone is illegal. If we do not kill anyone, how are we going to find food to keep ourselves alive? We have to kill. Negative aspects of humanity’s basic nature are jealousy, greed and revenge that would always interrupt us from making a perfect world.
On the lid of the calorimeter, there were two holes and one was being used for the thermometer, and the second one was left open. This hole could have let heat to escape as the reaction was taking place which would have lowered the final temperature value. These conditions would have led to a lower final temperature value. To prevent even the slightest anomalies in the future, any holes on the calorimeter can be covered by tape or another item that could block the passage. The top of the calorimeter could also be covered with aluminum and this would not only cover the holes but would secure the space under the lid so any heat that may escape would stay within the area due to the aluminum. Aluminum could also be tucked in the space between the lid and the calorimeter to once again lock the heat in. This way, the calorimeter will be more effective and maintain all the heat of the reaction resulting in values that are completely accurate and decreasing even the slightest
In this lab, I determined the amount of heat exchanged in four different chemical reactions only using two different compounds and water. The two compounds used were Magnesium Hydroxide and Citric Acid. Both compounds were in there solid states in powder form. Magnesium Hydroxide was mixed with water and the change in heat was measured using a thermometer. The next reaction combined citric acid and magnesium hydroxide in water. The change in heat was measured as well. For the third reaction citric acid was placed in water to measure the change in heat. In the last reaction, citric acid was combined with water. The heat exchanged was again measured. It is obvious we were studying the calorimetry of each reaction. We used a calorimeter
In a 100ml beaker 30mls of water was placed the temperature of the water was recorded. 1 teaspoon of Ammonium Nitrate was added to the water and stirred until dissolved. The temperature was then recorded again. This was to see the difference between the initial temperature and the final temperature.
The system was tested on 25 people, and was successful with 20 people, resulting in 80% accuracy (Fig.5).