When Freud in his Interpretation of Dreams made his now famous observations about Oedipus the King, he naturally focused on the main issue: that Oedipus killed his father and married his mother. (1) A further Freudian analysis of the play reveals another issue that came to dominate psychoanalysis: the preference of Oedipus for his daughters. Oedipus's preference for Antigone and Ismene appears only at the very end of the play, but it completes the picture of incest and murder in the family. Although mentioned at intervals in the play, the children of Oedipus do not appear until the last few pages. After he discovers his real parents and blinds himself, Oedipus turns his attention to his children, who are innocent victims of events beyond their control.
This conflict is defined as a character in conflict with him or herself. In Oedipus the King, Oedipus is fated to murder his father Laios and marry his mother Jocasta who are king and queen of Thebes. He begins the conflict with himself when he leaves Polybus and Merope (his adopted parents who he believes to be his biological parents) to prevent the prophecy from coming to fruition. He makes his way to the city of Thebes, on the way he kills a man at a crossroads for getting in his way not knowing he is Laios, his biological father. When he arrives he weds Jocasta, not knowing she is his mother, and sets out to murder the previous kings’ murderer; who, as the audience knows, is himself.
New York: Book Craftsmen Associates, Inc. 1960. Heath, Peter. The Philosopher’s Alice. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1974 Houghton Mifflin Co. Webster’s II New Riverside Dictionary. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1984
The play “Oedipus Rex”, exemplifies Aristotle’s assertion of a tragic hero by King Oedipus’ explicit flaw of arrogance causing his fall from nobility and high estate. Aristotle’s concept of a tragic hero is woven into the plot of “Oedipus Rex”. The criteria for Aristotle’s concept of a tragic hero is that a protagonist is “fallible” and of “high estate”, typical a noblemen. (Kennedy and Giola 856) Aristotle’s tragic hero concept has defined the art of tragedies since its conception. Along with Aristotle’s concept, the character Oedipus can be further defined as having “a weakness the Greeks called hubris – extreme pride, leading to overconfidence.” (Kennedy and Giola 857) Oedipus exhibits this personality flaw of hubris throughout the play, and it is the hubris tied with arrogance that causes of his tragic fall from nobility.
http://classics.mit.edu/Sophocles/antigone.html “Sophocles” In Literature of the Western World, edited by Brian Wilkie and James Hurt. NewYork: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1984. Watling, E. F.. Introduction. In Sophocles: The Theban Plays, translated by E. F. Watling. New York: Penguin Books, 1974.
The king becomes angered, causing Tiresias to state that he, Oedipus, will be the one to pollute the city and he is the murderer of Laius. Tiresias, the prophet, is accused of being in cahoots with Creon to attempt to usurp his throne. So he kills his father and married his mother. I think that Oedipus should have realized that Creon was just trying to replace him, in the end Creon gets what he deserves. When he does visit the prophet, Tiresias, he learned that he adopted.
Oedipus the King, Sophocles’ classical Greek tragedy, presents tragic flaw(s) as the cause of the near-total destruction of the life of the protagonist. This essay examines that flaw. In his essay “Sophoclean Tragedy” Friedrich Nietzsche agrees that there is an “error” within the protagonist, but refrains from specifying exactly what it is: The most pathetic figure of the Greek theatre, the unfortunate Oedipus, Sophocles takes to be a noble man called to error and alienation in spite of his wisdom, yet called too, in the end, through monstrous suffering, to radiate a magic power rich in a blessing which works even after he passes on. . .
In Sophocles: The Theban Plays, translated by E. F. Watling. New York: Penguin Books, 1974. Woodard, Thomas. Sophocles: A Collection of Critical Essays, edited by Thomas Woodard. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1966.
Cyclopedia of World Authors: Revised Edition, Volume III. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Salem Press, 1974. Rogers, Pat, ed. The Oxford Illustrated History of English Literature. New York : Oxford University Press, 1987.
Witchita: U P of Kansas, 1973. Fletcher, Robert H. The Arthurian Material in the Chronicles. New York: Haskell House, 1965. Goetz, Phillip ed. Encyclopedia Britannica vol 4.