Paganism and Christianity clash and merge in this poem. Furthermore Beowulf viewed as explicitly Christian or pagan literature, the text represents some of both religions throughout this poem. It is hard to ignore the Christian and pagan elements in Beowulf. Pagan and Christian fusing is a strong element of the early Anglo-Saxon poem. Paganism highly regards the concepts of fame, fate, and vengeance, and these are highly evident in Beowulf, but within these are woven the Christian qualities of loyalty, humility, sacrifice for the good of others and sympathy for those less fortunate, which Beowulf also shows.
Throughout this paper the dictional similarities of the purposes of the authors of the Dream of the Rood and Beowulf will be compared and discussed. Both authors present their goals by using characteristics of the Norse Mythological Gods, to describe the heroes in both poems to lead their readers, the Anglo- Saxons, to convert to Christianity. There is a lot of historical context that is involved with this topic which describes the struggles in Britain in converting the people into Christianity. Anglo-Saxons that came into Britain were originally pagan which consisted of them worshipping gods of nature and trees and rocks. They would pray to these gods for materialistic things such as a good harvest or to win an upcoming battle.
Pagan Burial Rites in the Epic of Beowulf Scores of essays are written about the Christian influence on the Beowulf poet. Most notable Beowulf scholars such as Kl‘ber, Robinson and Whitelock do not fail to address the matter. Given the complexity of the issue and the proliferation of evidence within the poem, we can understand the universal appeal of this topic. The poet transposes his Christian convictions onto a story which formed in a culture devoid of Christianity. In many instances, however, the poem's pagan basis shines through.
Most scholars are sure that this poem was composed in England and that it was written sometime between the 8th and 11th century. We read in many books that during the 6th and 7th century, England was converting to Christianity. In view of the fact that most of the sayings in Beowulf are Germanic paganistic sayings I believe that since the narrator was Christian, he incorporated many of the sayings to be in beatitude form and that it seems clear that he only referred to one god instead of many which is the ideal way of Paganism. When w...
Pagan History Paganism is a loose word for the large variety of polytheistic, shamanistic, and mystical non-monotheistic religions. Paganism exists in all cultures, from paleolithic to technological, but has historically waxed and waned. The ancient Egyptians are an example of a highly pagan society; so are the ancient Romans; and all paleolithic cultures from the Old Stone Age to the present have strong pagan elements. An example of a less pagan culture would be the West for the last thousand years or so, since the centuries following the Fall of Rome. The domination of the Middle East by Christians and Moslems has also largely shut out paganism.
Religious life followed a very traditional and structured way of life and was very much ‘deeply embedded in the whole social and mental fabric of the country’ (Russell, 1996, p. 262). Roman Catholic’s were a very visual and ritual based religion and their churches were extremely lavish in design and contained highly decorated furnishings inside (Wolffe, 2008). The changes in religion in England over the centuries tended to follow the religion of each different King or Queen (The Crown and the Bible, 2011). England’s dissent from the Catholic Church began with King Henry VIII (1491-1547). After Catherine of Aragon failed to produce a male heir, Henry demanded a divorce from her.
Wicca versus Paganism Wicca and Pagan are two religions, which have many similarities as well as many differences within each area. Wicca is a sect of Pagan in which each has their own variations on the religion. A good way to put it; all Wiccans are Pagan, but not all Pagans are Wiccan. Witch is a term used for any practitioner of Wicca. The Webster's II Dictionary defines witch as 1.
One of the main influences that the surrounding cultures had on them was through religion. As the Vikings came in contact with Christianity through their raids, it began to form a unique fusion of Christian influence, while still holding on to many aspects of their pagan lifestyle. Not many primary sources remain from pre-Christian Viking society as much of their culture was destroyed during the Christianization process. The extremely strong oral tradition and the artifacts that remain are what the knowledge of the culture is based on. The pagan culture interests me, as I can still examine influences of it on my Scandinavian family today.
Because of the diversity of peoples living in the land at that time, different cultures were mixed together, each taking on characteristics of the other. In Beowulf, the author has combined traditional hero-worship with the ideals and beliefs of Christianity. Needless to say, this combination makes for a distorted view of both beliefs. Both elements, however, are skillfully intertwined through this epic, and in the end, complement each other in this great work of ancient English literature. It is not hard to pull out the references to Christianity that are in Beowulf.
A lot of the traditions held by Christians have roots in Paganism. When Christianity first began to mass convert, they hired many Pagan builders to construct their temples for them; in so doing the Pagan architects left many images and monuments to the old Gods including the Green Man and Guardi... ... middle of paper ... ...story shows the imbalance of mankind and the wars one sided opinions have caused as well as the blood shed those wars and persecutions have wrought. It only makes sense that peace and happiness be more truly found with a balanced approach toward Deity, if not evenly balanced, at least it should include both sexes in its pantheon. Works Cited Magic Circle School Basic Wicca 101 A Brief History of Wicca Kristin Griffin http://www.mistresskalpanasrealm.com/mod/resource/view.php?id=1506 2. Magic Circle School Basic Wicca 101 A Little More History Kristin Griffin http://www.mistresskalpanasrealm.com/mod/resource/view.php?id=1507 3.