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the causes and effects of global warming

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1. Introduction
Global warming has been generally concerned with the whole world. Over the past 100 years, the average temperatures of the Earth experienced 2 fluctuations which are cold-warm and cold-warm. However, the Fifth Assessment Report of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) points out that the average global temperature has increased 0.4 - 0.8°C in the overall trend. Even worse, scientists from the IPCC (2014) forecast the temperature will be higher and higher in the future.

The increase of greenhouse gas concentration happened nearly the same time as industrialisation through the 20th, when the worldwide human population started growing rapidly and farming also increased. Subjects of the stores and sources of these gases, both born and human induced, show than the main campaigns of the increasing concentrations are emissions from human actions (Australian Academy of Science, 2014). Human activities cause carbon dioxide input to the atmosphere from fossil fuel burning and deforestation. To this end, this report aims mainly to discuss the causes and effects of global warming and propound some suggestions to solve this issue.

2. The causes of global warming
2.1 Fossil fuels burning
One of the most significant causes of global warming is fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) burning. According to Science (2013), the influence of recently fossil fuel use, even the most optimistic estimates suggest it will increase the temperature and affect the climate for tens of thousands of years.
Each time burn fossil fuels for the electricity of cars, air plane or plant can produce plenty of carbon dioxide. According to Head, Adams, McGregor and Toole (2014), around 20% of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere co...

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5. Recommendations
There are some measures for individuals and governments to take for reducing the effects of global warming.
 Government should create a joint research centre to develop clean energy sources. And people should try to use these clean energies such as solar power instead of using gas or natural gas.
 Government should build more public transports such as subway, bus and so on. Citizens should as many times as they can to use these to go to work or somewhere. It is best to ride a bicycle, not only reduce the exhaust gas emission but also has benefits on health.
 Humanity should plant as many as possible trees, the tree is the best way to protect atmosphere. Treasure to use a variety of paper in usual.
 Adaptation
 Government can establish carbon emissions trading system.
 (Srivastava and Srivastav, 2011)
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