Both sides wanted Kentucky but recognized that the first to cross its borders risked losing popular support. Confederate Brigadier General Gideon J. Pillow rashly seized Columbus, Kentucky, on the Mississippi River bluffs, a move that appalled President Jefferson Davis, who first ordered Pillow to withdraw, then allowed him to stay when he realized that the deed could not be reversed. Grant, commanding at Cairo, Illinois, then occupied Paducah at the mouth of the Tennessee and Smithland at the mouth of the Cumberland, strategic points neglected by General Gideon Pillow. In November Grant tested Confederate strength at Columbus by landing troops across the Mississippi River at Belmont, Missouri. The drawn battle that followed sent him back to Cairo still eager to advance, but not necessarily along the Mississippi River.
It can be argued that the defeat at Gettysburg cost the Confederate army the Civil War. Due to a misunderstanding between General Lee and Longstreet, the Confederate army placed their victory at Gettysburg in jeopardy. First, General Longstreet's plan was to march into the Pennsylvania, draw the superior Army of the Potomac out of its fortifications around Washington; then, outmaneuver the larger, slower Union force and get between them and Washington. Lastly the confederate army would, find some high ground between the Army of the Potomac and Washington to defend, so the Union would be forced to attack in order to rescue their lines of communication with the capital. The fighting at Gettysburg began largely as an accident when, on July 1, a column of Confederate troops moving south ran into and engaged the forward cavalry elements of the Union army.
Opposition leader Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy, declared Vicksburg’s strategic importance as “the nailhead that held the South’s two halves together.” For both armies the Siege of Vicksburg held symbolic importance, where they fought to the death. Ultimately for the Confederates, Vicksburg dictated their future for legitimacy, as a loss would undermine their status of nationhood. Developed by circumstances, it was the location where the two main forces went head to head and neither side could afford to blunder. Previous to the 1863 Siege of Vicksburg, the campaigns of the Civil War resulted in strain amongst the nation. As a matter of fact, the Battle of New Orleans and the failure of the Vicksburg Campaign of 1862 are considered the most influential battles that contributed to Ulysses S. Grants victory of Vicksburg during 1863.
The Confederates States of America was commanded by Albert Sidney Johnston and Pierre Gustave Toutant (P.G.T.) Beauregard. Johnston assembled and commanded the Army of Mississippi; their objective was to stop the north from pushing back the Confederates into Missis... ... middle of paper ... ...ssance or even had a guard who stood look out (CWPT). The ending of this battle is tragic and enlightening as well, the great idea of sneak attacks at dawn by the Confederates and the righteous timings of reinforcement by the Union, brought this story to my attention. Gathering this information brought me believe that this is a movie, a novel, but this was actual real life.
The problem was how to break the news of this change in strategy before the Confederates tore through the union on the battlefield and effected his troops morale. A month prior Generals Lee and Jackson were crossing guns with Pope at Manassas#. Lee moved his army across the Potomac River into Maryland on September 4, 1862. At this point in time his objective was to claim Harrisburg.# On his way he spread his troops around Maryland to show everyone his strength, gathering supplies#, rounding up volunteers and he also managed to threaten Baltimore, Washington and even Philadelphia. Lee’s plan was that McClellan would eventually come out of Washington to fight him and he would have plenty of time to choose the ground that he wanted to fight on and secure the southern victory.
The union coveted this spot on confederate soil in order to present their power over the south.To the confederates, the fort was a symbol of the ever-present north, who was set our to hinder their economy and way of life. The confederates finally attacked the fort on April 12 1861 and the union, being short on supplies, surrendered. This was the mark of the beginning of the civil war. The South started the war with a surprising amount of successes, considering the many advantages of the North. These advantages included, but we're not limited to, the majority of free males, fire arm construction, railroads and naval ship tonnage.
“This Lincoln always publicly condemned the abolitionists who fought slavery by extra constitutional means – and condemned also the mobs who deprived them of their right of free speech and free press.” (Holfstadter, Lincoln and the Self-Made Myth) Other than that, the North had the upper hand in nearly all aspects that really mattered in times of war. With this information it is clear that without Lincoln’s conservative political stands a “Quick War” would have been much more realistic. Either way, the North had won the Civil War before it began. While the North thought about attacking and invading, the South thought about defending and causing attrition. As the Civil War came underway the South’s military, smaller than the North’s, would take heavy blows from the decisions of the Confederacy.
The British saw the New Orleans, as a vital seaport considered a getaway to the Untied States. If the territory could be seized Great Britain would gain dominance over the Mississippi river. Ruling the American south trade with a iron fist, therefore, ending the westward expansion of the United States. The Battle of New Orleans was also important because it propelled Andrew Jackson to fame as a war hero. He had a conference of engineers to find out how best to seal off New Orleans from invasion.
Day one, July 1, 1863, was the start of what some would figure just to be another battle of this lengthy war, but it proved to be a stepping stone on the path of victory for the Union. Confederate and Union forces collided on the first day on the outskirts of Gettysburg. The Union forces wanted to stop the Confederate advance from moving through Gettysburg, but could only hold the line for so long before the larger southern force was able to push the Union back. The northern Army back to the south side of the town and dug into a defensive position at Cemetery Hill. Trueman (2000) stated, Lee recognized the strategic importance of dislodging the Union troops dug in there.
After giving an introduction of the events leading up to the Vicksburg campaign, you see the reasons why they attacked. To gain full control of the Mississippi River. By discussing Pemberton’s action of moving a majority of his army towards Grant’s army. Resulting in great loss of life and moral for his troops. The communication problems which caused Pemberton’s army to be unprepared for Grant’s fast approaching army.