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Decision-making is referred as a cognitive process that leads to selection of belief or actions among several possible solution. It can be divided into two parts, which are group decision-making and individual decision-making. As its name implies, group decision-making involves a group of members collectively making decisions. For a successful group decision-making, the members not only have to overcome some potential problems that rise in the process of acting collectively but also need to use effective procedure of decision-making in order to make a good decision. In order to apply effective procedure of decision-making, the group members will first need to identify and understand the potential problems that might arise in the process of decision-making. This will help them to reduce and prevent common potential problems in decision-making such as groupthink, group polarization, high degree of cohesiveness among members, and tunnel vision. The first potential problem that a group might have to face in decision-making is groupthink. Groupthink is a condition which the group members are pressured to conform to the majority stand and this eventually leads to dysfunctional decision-making outcome as other options are not explored (Mount Holyoke, 2011). According to Loftus (2013), groupthink causes decrease in productivity and efficiency. These are usually due to the over-influential leaders that controls the group, no common agreement on the development and evaluation methods among the group member, and high degree of unity in the group (Mount Holyoke). Highly cohesive group can also pose a threat in process of decision-making. .Highly unified group has the inclination to groupthink as each group member knows other members t... ... middle of paper ... this stage, each group member remain assertive and speak out their opinion (Loftus) The final component for successful decision-making is the evaluation of the possible solutions. According to Mount Holyoke and Bednarz, this process can be done listing down and discussing the pros and cons of each possible solutions. After considering all the effects of the solution, the less appealing solutions should be disregarded. Sometimes, combination of a few possible solutions might be more suitable to solve the problems. In conclusion, the combination of rationale, intuition and ingenious mental process can leads to a successful decision making. It might sound too ideal to be true, but it can be achieved if all the group members are aware of the potential problems that might arise from collaboration and incorporate some of the effective procedure of decision-making.
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