substance abuse

776 Words4 Pages
Addiction is a very complex brain disease that has significant behavioral characteristics. Typically, the abuse begins in adolescence when the brain is still developing and is more vulnerable to their effects. Untreated the disease can have many consequences, a chronic and relapsing condition, requiring ongoing professional treatment and management. Other consequences can be car accidents, criminal arrests, domestic violence, and child neglect or abuse. Some of the risk factors for developing the disease include a genetic predisposition, a range of biological psychological and environmental influences. This disease affects 15.9 percent of the population of the United States and older and 31.7 percent engage in risky use. 44.3 percent of referrals to a treatment facility come from within the criminal justice center. The disease results in profound social consequences until addressed. Evidence based treatment is using scientific knowledge that has been acquired to prevent risky use and treat addiction. This modern day approach if used would be a straightforward approach to preventing and treating the disease. Addiction can be treated and managed effectively within the medical community using an array of evidence –based pharmaceutical and psychosocial approaches. Best practices for the effective treatment and management of addiction must be consistent with scientific evidence and the causes and course of the disease. Best Practice requires comprehensive assessment, stabilization, acute care, chronic disease management, and support services. These services do increase the odds of someone suffering from addiction. Screening and intervention can be one of the first tools used by a professional to determine if risky use is prese... ... middle of paper ... ...of addiction. Many who are providing addiction treatment are not medical professionals, and does not have the knowledge or credential to necessary to provide the full range of evidence-based services to treat addiction. “The vast majority of people in need of addiction treatment do not receive anything that approximates evidence-based care.” The American Board of Addiction Medicine offers certification in addiction medicine to physicians in many medical specialties. There are specific requirements that need met. This will also follow suit with nurses, physician assistants, and mental health professionals. Education, screening, brief intervention, and treatment referrals are benefits in risky substance abuse. There is no evidence to suggest that health care professionals regularly use the tools and make them available to these opportunities with patients.
Open Document