The Spanish Inquisition was used for both political and religious reasons and founded by the Catholic Kings in 1478 . Spain at the time was a nation-state that was born out of religious struggle between numerous different belief systems including Catholicism, Islam, Protestant and Judaism. Following the Crusades and the Reconquest of Spain by the Christian Spaniards the leaders of Spain needed a way to unify the country into a strong nation.
The Ottomans and Spanish built flourishing empires based on different philosophies from 1450 to 1800. The Ottoman and Spanish were two powerful empires during that time. During the building of the two empires, the Spanish and the Ottoman both developed similarities in their social, political, and economic structures. The Ottoman took control of Europe, while the Spanish saw it as easy to monitor new lands. The different tactics employed made the both empires flourish. For instance, the Spanish were not tolerant of religion. They conquered other areas with the aim of converting Christians to Islam, if they refused, they would be killed. On the other hand, the Ottoman leaders incorporated leaders of diverse culture
The Cult of Saint James was born through turmoil but survived because of faith. The fact that Spain was never conquered by the Moors and turned into an Arab nation is believed to be thanks to Saint James, and also why he is, and has been, the patron saint of Spain. Santiago de Compostela is considered one of the three most important centers of Christianity with Jerusalem and Rome being the other two. For this feat, Spain was and is grateful to Saint James, and the pilgrimage to his tomb has been a monumentous occasion for Christians all over Europe and the world.
King Philip II of Spain was a strong supporter of Catholicism. He controlled not only Spain, but
Another way you can get power is through divine right. This way of thinking made the rulers believe that their authority came directly from god. Under King Philips II reign Spain reached its peak. Along with believing in having divine right he ruled as an absolute monarch. During his reign Spain prospered due the steady stream of gold and silver that came from the Americas. Philip II was a devout Catholic and saw him-self as a leader of the Counter-Reformation. King Philip II wanted to spread Catholicism throughout the European Territories but his faith clashed with the beliefs of the Calvinist Protestants, this lead to a bloody revolt that began in the 1560s when the Dutch refused to declare allegiance to King Philip the II. To punish them he used torture and execution. This made the situation worse. Due to King Philips belief in divine right he justified the killings of thousands of people.
In 1492, Granada surrendered and became a Christian conquered land. The Inquisition was completed. During the Inquisition, new centers of spiritual power in Western Europe were created, which increased the unification of Catholic expression of Faith.
The Muslims and Jews of Spain during that time did not believe in Christianity. This became a conflict to Isabel uniting Spain. In fear, many Muslims and Jews had converted to Christianity but were suspected to have been practicing their own faith secretly. Isabel felt betrayed and it sparked the start of the Spanish Inquisition. “…establishing an Inquisition, expelling the Jews, converting or expelling the Muslims of Granada and Castile, and sanctioning the Muslims' continued presence in Aragon” (Myerson, 11). Isabel and Ferdinand continued with their plans to unify all of Spain by continuing effort to expel the Moors also known as the Muslims, who held some parts of Spain. In 1492, the Muslim Kingdom of Granada fell to Isabel and Ferdinand. Also, all the Jews in Spain who refused to convert to Christianity were expelled. Isabel felt her religion was the only true one and if she didn't rid them from her country then Spain would be ruined.
The Spanish people are essentially a mixture of the indigenous peoples of the Iberian Peninsula with the successive peoples who conquered the peninsula and occupied it for extended periods. These added ethnologic elements include the Romans, a Mediterranean people, and the Suevi, Vandals, and Visigoths (see GOTHS), Teutonic peoples. Semitic elements are also present. Several ethnic groups in Spain have kept a separate identity, culturally and linguistically. These include the Basques (Euskal-dun), who number about 2.5 million and live chiefly around the Bay of Biscay; the Galicians, numbering about 2.5 million, who live in northwestern Spain; and the nomadic Spanish Gypsies (Gitanos; see GYPSIES).
Rota, and Cadiz ports lie on this coast and further up the Guadalquivir River is
Spain sent Hernan Cortes and his soldiers in search of gold,god and glory to make a New Spain. They found Mesoamerica and conquered Aztecs civilization. Spain did not have the right to conquer the Aztecs. There are several reasons that support this claim.
How did the conditions for Jew and Christians change with the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula and why were the Christians there more disaffected than the Jews?
Spain was under control of the Roman Empire for more than 700 years. Consequentially many cities reflects historically events and structures from Rome.
The Arabs and Byzantines help aid Catalonia before they moved into the “regions of Tortosa, Tarragona, and Lleida became a part of the Muslim world for the next 400 years”(). The Muslim influence was never very strong in parts Catalonia, so the Franks took over Barcelona. The Muslims Moors beginning using the land for farming and built an irrigation systems. After the 400 years the Catholic Monarchs, than pushed the Muslims south, and took over Catalonia region. The crown of Aragon and Catalonia still had separate laws.