Liberals credit in socialism, meaning they value social equality in jobs, race, wages, education. Medicare, Medicaid, Social Security are all apart of Liberal beliefs. Liberals also reflect that more people should be working and participating in government projects like voting. Each person should get what they need: wealth, food, shelter, education. They also trust that
Modern Conservatism are those who favor a certain status quo and regulations to revolve around laws and tradition (Guide pg. 23). For example, conservatives are more likely to orient themselves with moral choices rather than individual choices. For example, Conservatism is a more centralized focus form of society. Rather than expecting the government to solve most issues, conservatism believes that everyone can contribute in solving problems.
The main ideological argument that separates liberals and conservatives is the role that the government plays in the lives of people. Typically, liberals believe that the purpose of the government's existence is to serve the people by ensuring their needs, “Dworkin for example, claims justice is the essential motif of liberalism and that the state's duty is to ensure a just and fair opportunity for all to flourish in a civil society” (Wiggins 2). Naturally, government must be enormous to provide for the needs of the masses. Conservatives on the other hand stray from extensive governments partially due to the scorned centralized governments of Brit... ... middle of paper ... ...er government that does more for the people, while conservatives want a smaller one that keeps to its own affairs. On the issues, liberals will vote to gain more freedoms and extend existing ones, while liberals will mostly vote to cut taxes and decrease government spending.
Conservative policies generally emphasize empowerment of the individual to solve problems. Conservatives seek to stop the growing entitlement programs, encourage individual responsibility, and look to return constitutionally mandated power to the states. Conservatism sees a nation of people capable of solving their own problems with minimal government help, as long as the people are free. Liberals, on the other hand, are described as being favorable to progress or reform, as in political or religious affairs. Liberals believe in government action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all.
To liberalists, economic freedom is more important than economic equality. Socialists believe that citizens are best served by policies focused on meeting the basic needs of the entire society rather than an individual. All citizens should work equally as hard and put in equal contributions. The goal is equality. While liberalists and socialists have the same intentions of creating the best nations, that are peaceful and prosperous, they have very different views and approaches on how to create said nations.
In conclusion liberalism is not entirely compatible with democracy - some important liberal ideas, in particular the principle that every individual opinion should be taken into account, directly conflict with the system of democracy. However, in many other ways democracy does correspond with liberal values - it provides political equality for example, and protects the rights of the people against overly strong governments. In general, I feel that liberalism has been able to adapt and fit in with democracy, despite the problem of trying to balance popular participation against the protection of individual rights.
Additionally, liberals are more willing to give up their rights with the good of the country in mind than either of the other two mentioned groups. Under these umbrella principles, liberals are pointed toward believing in economic equality (perhaps through means of progressive taxation), short term and long term unemployment benefits, same-sex marriages, Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and other acts like it to prevent terrorism. Conservatives support the general idea of personal responsibility on issues pertaining to life and believe that people are capable of managing their own life as well as their government. Addressing governmental functions, conservatives feel that federal governmental power needs to be very limited, and directed at protecting the rights of its citizens (in this way they are very similar to libertarians). To expand on individual ideas, it might be mentioned that abortion is thought to be very wrong in that it goes against a very basic right; the ri... ... middle of paper ... ...heamericanconservative.com/articles/the-conservative-view-on-foreign-aid/>.
Mark Levin centers his research and ideas based on the influence of philosophers, among these, Adam Smith and John Locke to name a few. The Conservative idea is based on the right of human beings, the right to live freely, and God’s given natural rights. Levin explains what modern liberals want and their purpose in government, he calls these liberals “Statists” as to not confuse the term “Liberal”; a term that has been used in different ways throughout the years. He explains how these “Statists” worship government and desire to expand its power for their own benefit, not for the society as a whole. Levin explains how these modern liberals use the power of the state to force change, resulting in a soft tyranny.
Modern liberalism and modern conservatism are both political outlooks that involve acceptance or support of the balance of the degree of social equality and social inequality; while they tend to avoid political changes that would result in extreme deviation of society to either side. Modern liberalism and modern conservatism tend not to be as centrist or middle-of-the-road ideologies as they once could be. Ideology is a set of ideas and beliefs that guide the goals, expectations, and actions of a group (Webster’s Dictionary). Individuals who are conservative or liberal tend to have views that align within a political party, whether it be Republican or democratic, but this is not always the case. There are conservative democrats, such as, Jim Costa and Jim Cooper and there are liberal republicans, such as, Nathaniel Banks and George Washington Julian.
The differences between a liberal and a conservative is a wide gap that focuses upon the fundamental beliefs of those within each group. Pure liberals are people who show themselves as liberal on both economic policy and personal conduct. This means "that they want the government to reduce economic inequality, regulate business, tax the rich heavily, cure the (presumably) economic causes of crime, allow abortions, protect the rights of the accused, and guarantee the broadest possible freedoms of speech and press." (Wilson, 121) In contrast to, a pure conservative who show conservative views on both economic and conduct issues. This means that "They want the government to cut back on welfare state, allow the market to allocate goods and services, keep taxes low, lock up criminals, and curb forms of conduct they regard as antisocial."