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People who have a learning disability, mental health needs like dementia and personality disorders, have physical disability or have long term illness, have limited spoken English and who are elderly and frail are the most likely to be vulnerable adults ( ). According to Department of Health (DH): Vulnerable adult or adult at risk is an adult aged 18 years old or over who is or may be in need of community care services by reason of mental or other disability, age or illness; who is or may be unable to take care of him or herself, or unable to protect him or herself against significant harm or exploitation (DH, 2002). Adults at risk need to safeguard their rights at all time and maintain their choice, control, safety and quality of life in order to prevent abuse to happen. Abuse happens when someone violates another person’s human and civil rights (Nursing and Midwifery Council, 2010). It can be a deliberate act or a failure to provide appropriate care. It can be a one-off event or something that happens again and again. Abuse can occur in any relationship, relatives, carers, volunteers, other residents, friends and workers. I have been aware about the so-called safeguarding since I started to work as part-time in a healthcare setting. I attended safeguarding training as part of my induction before commencing to my job proper. However, never did I take the said training by heart, perhaps because it was just my very first job. When I studied nursing and had my placements at different areas, I had already a very different perspective about safeguarding. I would like to mention an incident that happened in my placement, a dementia nursing care home. I vividly recall, it was a morning shift then, all the staffs were busy with their ... ... middle of paper ... ...lf, unable to voice out his feelings and people may take advantage of him being incapacitated. I have read the safeguarding adult policy and framework of ‘No Secrets’ guidance which gives councils responsibility for responding to any allegation of abuse (DH, 2005). I have learned that whenever I notice something wrong, I need to report it even if I am not sure that it is a safeguarding issue because I know I have my duty to protect the people I care for. I am not only responsible for what I do, but for what I do not, hence if I know there is a problem, but take no action about it, I will be held accountable. I do believe that whenever or wherever care is provided thru a person-centred perspective an abuse can be avoided. Safeguarding means protecting people’s health, wellbeing and human rights and enabling them to live free from harm, abuse and neglect (CQC, 2014).

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