One in three of the world's malnourished children are living in India and around 46 per cent of all children below the age of three are too small for their age (UNICEF). Meanwhile, as malnutrition increases in India’s children the growth of overweight and obesity has also become another major public health concern, especially in the urban areas in India (Patralekha, 2002).Obesity is the excess of body fat to the level which is negative effect on the health or in simple words obesity is the long-term positive energy balance in the human body (WHO). Obesity is measured by a variety of techniques such as Ponderal Index, Broca Index, Lorentz Formula, Skin fold Thickness, Waist and Waist Circumference and Body Mass Index (BMI).
Table1: Some of the important techniques for assessing obesity in an individual are:
Ponderal Index Height(cms)/Cubic root of body weight
Broca Index Height (cms)- 100
Lorentz Formula Height (cms)- 100 – (Height (cm)-50)/(2 (women or 4 men))
Corpulance Index Actual weight/Desirable Weight
Body Mass Index (BMI) Weight (kg)/ Height (meters)
Skin fold Thickness It is taken on four sites- biceps, mid-triceps; subscapularand suprailiac regions.The standard values for boys should be 50mm and 40 mm for girls.
Waist and Waist Circumference The measurement of waist is from the midpoint of lower border of rib cage
But in our purpose we have used a simple yet powerful technique of measuring obesity, i.e. Body mass index (BMI), and it is measured by a person’s weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in meters) (Joann e. Manson, 1995, N.K Mehta 2009).
Table 2:- Cut off for obesity broadly from two agencies
Agencies Tendency for Malnourished Tendency for Normal Ten...
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...sn’t guarantee the nation is well equipped in all basic indicators of human wellbeing (Dasgupta and Maler, 2000). For instance, it’s popularly believed that the education is positively influenced income (David Card, 1999), and with the increase in income the individual gets more health care facilities and more information to combat with the health related problems (Sara Allin, 2009). However, this popular believe doesn’t hold well in all the time and thus because the rich countries in today’s world suffering from obesity. From the study of Sara Allin (2009), it is clear that the rich were significantly more likely to use medical services and it is partly because of that cigarettes are more commonly consumed among those with greater financial resources (C.P Gupta, 1996; M.K Narayan, 1999). Therefore the probability of using more medical services it’s quite logical.