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China history and cultures goes all the back to the ancient civilization, one of the worlds’ earliest, flourished in the fertile of Yellow River, second longest river in Asia, in the north part of China. For millennia, China’s political system was based on hereditary monarchies, known as dynasties, since 2000 B.C.E. In addition China is one of the earliest civilizations in Asia; therefore, China has strong influences around the neighborhood countries such as, Japan and Korea. Although China and Korea are two different countries, Chinese cultures and arts such as Travelers among Mountains and Streams by Fan Kuan had strong influences on Korea’s cultures and arts, Wild Geese Descending To sandbar. China’s culture influenced Korea more heavily than any other countries in Asia. The people who inhabited the Korean peninsula were different ethnically group than the people who consider themselves Chinese. However, China still had influenced on Korea arts and cultures because Korea was the only country that China had conquered more than once according to history. Around 109 B.C.E, an emperor of Han Dynasty of China had conquered the Korean kingdom of Choson for the first time and Settled Chinese colonies in Korea. The Chinese colonies at the Korean peninsula provided the conduit of Chinese culture that was transmitted into Korea’s society. As the Han Dynasty weakened around 200 C.E, the Chinese colonies also weakened their control of Korea. The original Koguryo established an independent kingdom in the northern part of the Korea peninsula. The rulers of Koguryo replicated the Chinese examination system, Chinese writing, and a bureaucracy into their society . While Koguryo’s govern the north part of Korea, Koguryo was in a contested con... ... middle of paper ... ...ast but orderly universe. The Neo-Confucian search for absolute truth in nature as well as self-cultivation reached its climax in the 11th century and is demonstrated in this work. On the foreground which was presented to the viewer at eye level, Kuan showed a great describing of rocky outcroppings, covered with trees with his brushwork. By looking closely to the art, there are two groups of men driving a group of donkeys loaded with fire and a temple hidden in the forest which indicated how small humans were compared to the nature. In Travelers among Mountains and Stream, Kuan created the gap between the three distances as a break between changing views. The three break points were the boulders on the foreground, tree-covered rock on the middle ground, and lastly the huge size mountains on the background. The viewers can roaming freely between the three distance.

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